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Ehmed Supahun
23-01-08, 13:47
Jallat Wang Sherqi Turkistanda uyghurlargha qaritilghan qirghinchiliq seperwerligini jiddileshturmekte ...
Towendikilerge qarang :
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Unregistered
23-01-08, 14:29
herpler bek kichik korungechke oqughini bolmidi, eger bar bolsa, tor bet adrisini yezip qoyghan bolsingiz.
rexmet.

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Unregistered
23-01-08, 14:47
http://www.xinjiang.gov.cn/10013/10031/10003/2008/41788.htm


凝聚起各族人民的力量自治区两会与新疆发展的历史方位


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  站在2008年,新疆各族人民充满乘势而上的豪情。

  迎接春天的自治区两会,正在为新疆未来五年的发展谋划。要凝聚起各族人民的力量,投入到中国特色社会主 义建设的伟大征程中,必然要求社会主义民主政治建设不断推进,提供坚实的政治保障。

  开门立法:扩大公民有序政治参与

  老电工张汉斌过去没在大场面上发表过意见,没想到第一次发言是在退休后,还一下子发到了立法机关的 听证会上。

  这天是2003年8月20日,自治区人大常委会举行首次立法听证会。以前我不知道法律是如何制定的, 没想到立法机关还听取了我的意见。作为听证会特邀的15位发言人之一,张汉斌就我区实施消费者权益保护法 办法修订草案中关于电暖方面的问题提出了自己的立法建议。

  立法听证会是我区立法改革迈出的重要一步。自治区人大法制委员会副主任委员张良说。

  张汉斌经历的新鲜事,如今已成为有章可循的民主立法工作机制。自治区每一部法规的制定出台,都要广 泛征求各方面意见,吸纳民意。

  扩大公民有序的政治参与,保证立法和决策的民主化、科学化,这既是人民群众的所思所盼,更是民主政治建 设的题中应有之义。

  新疆的社会主义民主政治建设,集中体现在坚持和完善人民代表大会制度和中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治 协商制度。仅自治区十届人大常委会这五年,就听取和审议一府两院39项专项工作报告,组织检查了60多 部法律法规的执行情况;自治区九届政协通过点题调研、课题研究,创新参政议政形式,也不断拓宽了议政建言的 渠道。

  民族区域自治:伟大实践成就伟大事业

  新疆人民会堂前广场,庄严的民族团结宝鼎巍然屹立。

  纵观中国几千年的历史,新中国的民族区域自治制度和民族政策是最好的。与世界上其他国家相比,我们的民 族区域自治制度和民族政策也是最成功的。

  从清真食品管理条例,到坎儿井保护条例、人口与计划生育条例自治区人大常委会按照宪法和民族区域自 治法所赋予的权力,已经制定并通过了大量地方性法规、具有法规效力的决议和决定,为维护自治地方政治、经济 、文化等方面的自治权利,提供了重要的法律保障。与此同时,全区5个自治州、6个自治县、43个民族乡的民 族事业也在民族法制的保驾护航下健康发展。

  从赛福鼎艾则孜当选为新疆维吾尔自治区第一任主席以来,新疆民族自治地方的政府主要领导均由自治民族 的干部担任。到2006年,全区少数民族干部已达34.8万人,占全区干部总数过半,是解放初期少数民族干 部总数的110多倍。各少数民族参与管理国家大事和地方事务的权利获得了前所未有的保障。

  从城乡抗震安居工程、惠及全区239万名各族农村中小学生的免费义务教育,到兴边富民行动计划,中 央和自治区为加快民族地区发展而大力实施的一系列为民工程,促进了新疆的民族团结和社会稳定。

  连续25年开展的民族团结教育月活动,更是把民族团结进步的理念深深撒播在新疆各族人民的心中,成为新 疆不断发展前进、走向繁荣的基石。

  基层民主:保障人民直接依法行使民主权利

  1月初,阜康市水磨沟乡柳城子西村3名村民代表对该村2005年至2007年的财务收支账进行了审计。 按照规定,经审计过的村官方可参加换届选举。目前,第七届村委会换届选举工作正在全疆依法 有序进行着。

  《自治区村民委员会换届选举工作指南》作者之一的自治区人大常委会委员杨孟才说,直接选举使村民们的意 志得到了充分尊重。特别是村民委员会组织法实施以后,村民们可以通过设立的秘密划票处投票,选举权的隐 私性得到了保护。细节的进步,彰显着民主的内涵正在一步步落到实处。

  在2007年举行的全区县乡两级人大代表换届选举中,为了投下自己郑重的一票,选出心中的代表,外出打 工、做生意的农民都尽量赶回来投票;许多地方在组织选举中,服刑人员和外来务工人员也一个都没落下。这说明 社会主义民主法治、自由平等、公平正义的意识已深深印在各族公民心中。

  呼图壁县大丰镇以村组为单位举行的民主日活动,催生了全疆村民民主管理的伟大实践。而今,全疆90 00多个村建立健全了村务公开、村民会议制度,实现了民主选举、民主决策、民主监督、民主管理。

  在城镇群众性自治组织,各族群众同样依法直接行使民主选举、民主决策、民主管理和民主监督的权利,进行 着当代中国最直接、最广泛的民主实践。

  法治政府:保证权力为人民谋利

  新开设的娱乐场所选址和布局是否合适,政府部门要开听证会征求周边群众的意见;如果居民不答应,娱乐场 所就不能开设。2007年7月,这项规定开始在乌鲁木齐市实施。

  为了让权力在阳光下运行,自治区人民政府加快行政管理体制改革,建设服务型政府,完善制约和监督机制, 保证权力为人民谋利。

  2002年,自治区政府公众信息网站正式开通,人们在网上可以浏览到重要

  的政务信息,还可以通过网上互动,表达意见。五年来,各地积极跟进,建成了包括全区所有地州、厅局和8 0个县市区的政府公众网站。

  2000年,自治区行政审批制度改革启动,这被人们看作是政府的自身革命。《行政许可法》颁布后不 久,自治区人民政府就取消了24个部门实施的98项行政许可,10个部门实施的21项行政许可改变了管理方 式,转由行业组织或中介机构实行自律管理。

  一府两院的工作还有哪些需要改进?人大代表通过述职评议和工作评议直抒己见的评议活动,迅速被推广 到各行各业。自治区从2002年开始,对党政机关启动行业作风评议。经贸委、人事厅、发改委、公安厅交警总 队等部门先后接受群众检阅。

  重大问题集体决策制度、专家咨询制度、社会公示和听证制度、决策责任制度,使政府的决策更加透明,政府 在公开中走向民主;行政执法法、行政许可法使政府工作人员职务行为更加规范;行政监察、审计和经济监督,使 政风、行风明显改善

  人民民主是社会主义的生命。发展社会主义民主政治是我们党始终不渝的奋斗目标!党的十七大清晰描绘 了中国民主政治走向。沿着十七大指明的方向,我们一定能够把坚持党的领导、人民当家做主和依法治区有机结合 起来,推进民主政治建设,推动新疆经济社会的更好更快发展。

(据新疆日报)

Unregistered
23-01-08, 15:35
xapa bolmay ikki eghiz qisqiche terjimisini qiliwetmemsiler aghiniler?

Unregistered
23-01-08, 17:01
From 2008, the people of all nationalities in Xinjiang with the lofty and at the right moment.

Two sessions of the regional meet spring, is the next five years for the development of Xinjiang's plan. To gather up the strength of the people of all ethnic groups to participate in the building of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the great journey, it is necessary to constantly push forward the socialist democratic politics, providing a solid political guarantee.

Open the door legislation: to expand political participation of citizens in an orderly manner

Zhang Hanbin old electrician in the past not been made on the scene, did not expect spoke for the first time in post-retirement, but also to the legislature, all of a sudden at the hearing.

This day is August 20, 2003, the regional People's Congress Standing Committee held its first legislative hearing. Before I do not know how the law is enacted, did not expect the legislature also heard my views. As a special hearing will be one of the 15 spokesman, Zhang Hanbin I implement consumer protection measures in the revised draft law on the issue, heated by their own legislative proposals.

Legislative hearings will be my District Legislative reform has taken an important step. Autonomous regional people's congress, vice chairman of the legal system Zhang said.

Zhang Hanbin experienced a novelty, has become a rule-based democratic legislative work mechanisms. Autonomous regions each of the regulations drawn up, must solicit opinions from all sides, and absorb the public.

Expand citizens orderly participation in political affairs to ensure that legislation and decision-making more democratic and scientific, it is the masses of the people think the hope, is that the building of democracy in the proper meaning.

Xinjiang's building of socialist democratic politics is a concentrated expression in adhering to and perfecting the people's congress system and the CPC-led multi-party cooperation and political consultation system. This only five autonomous regions 10th NPC Standing Committee, and listened to the government, the court considered a special report on the work of 39, more than 60 organizations inspection of the implementation of laws and regulations; autonomous regions Dianti Ninth CPPCC National Committee through research, research, Innovation participation form, but also continually expand the offer of representative government channels.

Regional National Autonomy: great achievements in the great cause of Practice

Xinjiang people will be Saint Jean, the solemn national unity Baoding stand tall.

Looking back over the history of several thousand years, China's system of regional ethnic autonomy, and national policy is the best. And compared to other countries in the world, our nation and the system of regional autonomy for ethnic policy is also the most successful one.

From the management of halal food, qanats Protection Ordinance, the population and family planning in accordance with the Constitution of the Autonomous Region People's Congress Standing Committee and the Law on Regional National Autonomy powers conferred by, and has been developed by a large number of local laws and regulations, and the resolution of regulatory effectiveness and decided to maintain autonomy for the local political, economic, and cultural aspects of the right to self-government, has provided an important legal protection. At the same time, the region five autonomous prefectures and autonomous counties six, and 43 ethnic townships in the national cause is escorting the nation under the rule of law and healthy development.

Ai from the Zi-wah was elected the first President of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the Xinjiang autonomous local governments are the principal leaders of the cadres of ethnic autonomy. By 2006, the region has reached 348,000 cadres of ethnic minority people, accounting for more than half of the total number of cadres in the whole region, is the liberation of the total number of ethnic minority cadres initial 110 times. All ethnic groups to participate in the management of state affairs and local affairs of the right to receive unprecedented protection.

Seismic from urban and rural housing projects to the benefit of all ethnic groups in the region 2.39 million primary school pupils in rural compulsory education free of charge, to revitalize the border campaign plan, the central government and autonomous regions to speed up the development of ethnic areas and vigorously implement a series of projects for the people, and promote Xinjiang's national unity and social stability.

25 in a row of national unity, education activities, has even more made the concept of national unity and progress of all nationalities in Xinjiang deeply sow in the minds of the people, a continuous development and advancement of Xinjiang, the cornerstone toward prosperity.

Grass-roots democracy: protection of the people directly exercise their democratic rights according to law

Early January, the chairman of the board, Liu Cheng-Shuimogou rural villagers Nishimura three representatives of the village 2005-2007 financial revenue and expenditure accounts were audited. According to regulations, the audit Cunguan before taking part in the general election. At present, the seventh village committee elections to the whole work is being carried out in an orderly manner.

"Autonomous region of the village committee elections Guide," one of the authors of the regional People's Congress Standing Committee members YANG Meng said that the direct elections so that the villagers will have been fully respected. In particular the implementation of the Law on the Organization of Villagers Committees, the villagers can be zoned through the establishment of the secret ballot vote, the privacy of the voting rights have been protected. Details of the progress of democracy, highlight the connotation of being implemented step by step.

To be held in the region in 2007 the county and township levels in the general election of deputies to people's congresses, in order to cast their votes in a solemn, and the hearts of elected representatives, to work outside the home, doing business as far as possible back to the farmers to vote in many places in the organization of elections, serving staff and foreign workers are not a fall. This shows that the socialist democracy and the rule of law, freedom and equality, fairness, justice has been the sense of deep hearts of citizens of all ethnic groups in India.

Hutubi County Dafengtian villages for the units to the democratic days, the whole birth of the democratic management of village great practice. Now, the whole 90 over 00 villages establish and improve the transparency in village affairs, a village conference system, and realized the democratic election, democratic decision-making, democratic supervision, democratic management.

In the cities and towns are autonomous organizations of the masses, the masses of all ethnic groups in the same law directly exercise democratic elections, democratic decision-making, democratic management and democratic supervision, carried out the most direct contemporary China, the most extensive democratic practice.

The rule of law: the power to ensure that the people benefit

The new location and layout of the entertainment is appropriate, government departments will seek to open hearings surrounding the opinions of the masses, if residents do not allow this, and places of entertainment can not set up. In July 2007, this requirement began in the city of Urumqi.

To allow operation of the power under the sun, the regional people's government speed up the reform of the administrative system, building a service-oriented government, improve the control and supervision mechanisms to ensure power for the people and make money.

2002, the autonomous regional government official opening of the public information website, people can browse the Internet important to

Chief information, but also through online interaction and express their views. Over the past five years, the localities have actively follow up, all built in the region, including the state, the department and bureau and 8 0 county and municipal government public website.

2000, the autonomous region launched reform of the system of administrative examination and approval, it is being seen as the Government's own revolution. "Law on Administrative Licensing" shortly after the enactment, the regional people's government on the abolition of the 24 departments of the 98 administrative licenses, 10 of the 21 departments implement the administrative licensing has changed management, organization or transferred to the industry for self-regulation intermediaries.

Government, the court, which is still the need to improve? NPC deputies and work through the council to report on his work speak up appraisals of the council, was quickly extended to all walks of life. Starting from 2002, the autonomous regions of the party and government organs started professional style council. Economic and Trade Commission, Office of Personnel, the State Development and Reform Commission, the Public Security Bureau Traffic Police Corps, and other departments have reviewed by the masses.

Major issues of collective decision-making system, expert advice system, the social system of public hearings and publicity, the decision-making responsibility system, and enable the Government's decision-making more transparent, the government in the open in the direction of democracy; administrative enforcement law, the administrative licensing law makes government functionaries act more standardized; administrative supervision, auditing and economic supervision, administration style, trends improved significantly

Democratic socialism is the people's lives. The development of socialist democratic politics is always our goal of the party! The party's 17 large painted a clear trend of China's democratic politics. 17 along the specified direction, we will be able to adhere to the party's leadership, the people are the masters and organic combination of the zones legally, and promote the building of democratic politics and promote Xinjiang's economic and social development of better and faster.

(According to the Xinjiang Daily)