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Unregistered
22-11-06, 12:00
Bu Seyipidin Paydilining!


http://www.hunmagyar.org/turan/turan.html#turan

Unregistered
22-11-06, 12:03
[QUOTE=Unregistered]Bu Seyipidin Paydilining!


http://www.hunmagyar.org/turan/turan.html#turan[/QUO


http://www.hunmagyar.org/turan/uygur/uygur.html

Unregistered
22-11-06, 13:31
[QUOTE=Unregistered]Bu Seyipidin Paydilining!


http://www.hunmagyar.org/turan/turan.html#turan[/QUO


http://www.hunmagyar.org/turan/uygur/uygur.html


Bu xelqara Qelemkeshler Ittipaqining Websaitisi bolup, Bu sehipide Xitay tajawuzchillirining Uyghur qelemkeshliri üstidin qiliwatqan zorluq zombulluqlirimu tegishlik yer alghan.

Meselen:Toxti Muzart, Abdugheni Memtimin, Nurmemet Yasin, Kuresh husen qatarliq yazghuchillirimizning turmigha solanghanliqi, xelqaradiki insanperwer muesses hesaplanghan, bu teshkilatning alayide diqqitini tartqan.

http://www.internationalpen.org.uk/images/newsItemDownload/Caselist.pdf

Unregistered
22-11-06, 13:31
[QUOTE=Unregistered]


Bu xelqara Qelemkeshler Ittipaqining Websaitisi bolup, Bu sehipide Xitay tajawuzchillirining Uyghur qelemkeshliri üstidin qiliwatqan zorluq zombulluqlirimu tegishlik yer alghan.

Meselen:Toxti Muzart, Abdugheni Memtimin, Nurmemet Yasin, Kuresh husen qatarliq yazghuchillirimizning turmigha solanghanliqi, xelqaradiki insanperwer muesses hesaplanghan, bu teshkilatning alayide diqqitini tartqan.

http://www.internationalpen.org.uk/images/newsItemDownload/Caselist.pdf

Country
(Those elected by PEN Centres are indicated in brackets)
Current as of 31 December 2005
1. Mohamed Benchicou .................................................. ...........ALGERIA
2.Salah Uddin Shoaib Chaudhury (USA).........................BANGLADESH
3.Yury Bandazhevsky (England, Norway, Suisse Romande) ....BELARUS
4.Gao Qinrong (Canada).......................................... .......................CHINA
5.Hada (Canada) .................................................. ...........................CHINA
6.He Depu .................................................. .....................................CHINA
7.Huang Jinqiu (Germany)......................................... .....................CHINA
8.Jiang Lijun .................................................. .................................CHINA
9.Jin Haike (Ghana) .................................................. ......................CHINA
10.Kong Youping .................................................. ..........................CHINA
11.Korash Huseyin........................................... ...............................CHINA
12.Li Zhi (Canada).......................................... ............................... CHINA
13.Lu Zengqi............................................ .......................................CHINA
14.Luo Changfu .................................................. ............................CHINA
15.Luo Yongzhong......................................... .................................CHINA
16.Mao Qingxiang .................................................. ........................CHINA
17.Nurehamet Yasin............................................. ...........................CHINA
18.Abdulghani Memetemin (Germany)......................................... .CHINA
19.Ning Xianhua........................................... ..................................CHINA
20.Shi Tao (Canada, Germany, ICPC, Sydney, USA).....................CHINA
21.Tao Haidong........................................... ....................................CHINA
22.Tohti Tunyaz (America, Canada, Catalan, England, Japan,
Leichenstein, Perth) .................................................. .................CHINA
23.Wu Yilong .................................................. ................................CHINA
24.Xu Wei (Ghana) .................................................. .......................CHINA
25.Xu Zerong (Ghana)........................................... .........................CHINA
26.Yan Qiuyan .................................................. ..............................CHINA
27.Yang Zili (Ghana) .................................................. ....................CHINA
28.Yu Dongyue (Canada, Czech Republic, Melbourne)................CHINA
29.Zhang Honghai (Ghana) .................................................. ..........CHINA
30.Zhang Lin............................................... ....................................CHINA
31.Zheng Yichun (Canada) .................................................. ...........CHINA
32.Zhao Changqing......................................... ................................CHINA
33.Zhao Yan............................................... .....................................CHINA
34.Zhu Yufu .................................................. ..................................CHINA
35.Lobsang Dhargay........................................... ................CHINA/TIBET
36.Dawa Gyaltsen.......................................... .....................CHINA/TIBET
37.Tashi Gyaltsen .................................................. .............CHINA/TIBET
38.Jampel Gyatso .................................................. .............CHINA/TIBET
39.Tsultrim Phelgay .................................................. .........CHINA/TIBET
40.Ngawang Phulchung (America, Austria, Canada, England, Sydney) ....
.................................................. ...................................CHINA/TIBET
41.Toesam Zangda............................................ ..................CHINA.TIBET

Meselen:

Unregistered
22-11-06, 13:36
CHINA
Killing
*WU Xianghu: Deputy editor of the newspaper Taizhou Wanbao. Died on
2 February 2006 at the age of 41 after sustaining serious injuries in
October 2005 when traffic police in the eastern coastal city of Taizhou,
Zhejiang province, attacked him for a report accusing them of corruption.
He had been hospitalised since the attack.
Main cases
GAO Qinrong
Profession: Xinhua state news agency reporter. Date of arrest: 4
December 1998 Sentence: 13 years imprisonment Expires: 3 December
2011 Details of trial: Convicted in a closed, one-day trial on 28 April
1999 on charges which are believed to have included bribery, embezzlement
and pimping. It is thought that the charges against him are trumpedup,
and that the real reason for his arrest is a report he published alleging
corruption in an irrigation project set up in drought-plagued Yuncheng,
Shanxi Province. No local officials have been called to account in
connection with these allegations, and Gao’s imprisonment was kept
secret until 14 March 2000, when CNN International aired a story about
his case. Place of detention: Qixian Prison, Shanxi Province. Honorary
member of: PEN Canada.
*GUO Qizhen
Profession: Cyber-dissident. Date of arrest: 12 May 2006 Details of
arrest: Guo Qizhen was arrested at his home on 12 May 2006 and
charged with ‘inciting subversion of state power’ on 8 June 2006. His
arrest appears to be linked to his participation in a rotating hunger strike
which has been held by pro-democracy activists since 4 February 2006 to
protest against human rights violations in China. The charges are
believed to be based on his anti-government articles published on overseas
websites. Place of detention: Cangzhou detention centre No.2 in
Hebei Province, central China. Treatment in prison: Guo is currently
held incommunicado, and without access to his family. Health
concerns: There are reports that he has a broken leg and is in a fragile
psychological state. The detention centre where he is held is said to lack
the medical facilities required to give him adequate treatment.
HADA
D.O.B: 1955 Profession: Owner of the Mongolian Academic bookstore
and founder and editor-in-chief of The Voice of Southern Mongolia Date
of Arrest: 10 December 1995 Details of Arrest: Arrested because he
was a founder and chair of the southern Mongolian Democracy Alliance
and founder and publisher of the underground journal, The Voice of
Southern Mongolia. He was charged with inciting separatism and espionage.
Sentence: 15 years in prison and four years deprivation of political
rights. Expires: 9 December 2010 Place of Detention: No.4 Prison
of Inner Mongolia in Chi Feng City. Health Concerns: stomach ulcer
and coronary heart disease Honorary member: PEN Canada
HE Depu
D.o.b: 28 October 1956 Profession: Dissident activist/writer. Date of
arrest: 4 November 2002 Sentence: Eight years in prison. Expires: 3
November 2010 Details of arrest: Arrested from his home and has since 31
been held incommunicado. He was a signatory of the open letter of 20
November 2002 calling for political reform (see JIANG Lijun, and
ZHAO Changqing below). Details of trial: Tried on 14 October 2003
in a two-hour trial on charges of “inciting subversion” for collaborating
with the banned Chinese Democratic Party (CDP) and publishing essays
on the Internet. Sentenced on 6 November 2003 to eight years in prison.
On 20 December 2003 Beijing’s Court No.1 dismissed He Depu’s application
for an appeal. Health concerns: Said to be in very poor health, to
have lost a great deal of weight and to be suffering from a liver
complaint. Treatment in prison: Ill-treated in prison and denied access
to family visits. Professional details: Took part in the Democracy Wall
Movement in 1979 and founded the magazine Beijing Youth which was
subsequently banned. Helped launch the now-banned China Democracy
Party (CDP). Previous political imprisonment/problems: Lost his job
with the Social Sciences Academy after standing as a candidate in the
local election in 1990. Briefly detained several times for his political
activities. Honorary member of: Suisse Romande.
HUANG Jinqiu (aka Qing Shuiju)
D.o.b.: 03/09/74 Profession: Internet essayist, writer and journalist.
Date of arrest: 13 September 2003 Sentence: 12 years in prison.
Expires: 12 September 2015 Details of arrest: Arrested on 13
September 2003 after returning to China in August 2003 following three
years overseas on a scholarship studying journalism at the Central
Academy of Art in Malaysia, where he became well known in the overseas
Chinese internet community for his essays published on the
Chinese-language news website ‘Boxun.com’ under the pen-name Qing
Shuijun (Mr Clear Water). According to his articles, which he continued
to post on Boxun.com throughout his journey across China, he began to
be followed by the secret police on 15 August 2003, first in Yunan
Province, then in Sichuan and through to Shanghai. In early September
2003, Huang Jinqiu visited his parents in Shandong Province; his last
article was published on 10 September 2003, entitled ‘Me and My Public
Security Friends’. It was not until January 2004 that his family was officially
notified by the authorities of his arrest on 13 September 2003 in
Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province. Details of trial: Huang’s trial began on
22 June 2004 at the Changzhou Intermediate People’s Court on subversion
charges. It is reported that the court was unable to reach a verdict
initially because of lack of evidence, but after the case was referred back
to the prosecution further evidence was submitted and he was convicted
on 27 September 2004 of ‘organising, planning and performing subversion
of state power by publishing a large number of reactionary articles
on the Internet in his capacity as member of the preparatory committee of
the China Patriotic Democratic Party’. He was handed down a twelveyear
prison sentence and is detained at Changzhou Detention Centre,
Jiangsu Province. His is appealing the sentence. Professional details:
Huang Jinqiu trained at the Lu Xun Literature Institute, a leading writing
school. His writings have been well-recognised from an early age, and at
the age of twenty he published his first book. He has worked as a journalist
and editor of several newspapers and magazines since the age of
eighteen, including the Guanzhou daily Yangcheng Wanbao. His essays
have been collected into two publications, one that is non-political and
published under his real name, and one collection of political commentaries
published for security reasons under his pen-name Qing Shuijun.
Place of detention: Changzhou Detention Centre, Jiangsu Province.
Previous political imprisonment/problems: In early 2001, whilst he
was overseas, his articles began to attract the attention of the Chinese
authorities, who reportedly visited his parents and warned them of their
concerns about him. He attracted further attention in January 2003 by
announcing on Boxun.com his intention to found a political party, the
China Patriot Democracy Party (CPDP). Although his announcement is
said to have attracted a lot of interest, it is not thought that the CPDP was
ever organised in practice. Honorary member of: German PEN.
JIANG Lijun
Profession: Internet writer. Date of arrest: 6 November 2002 Sentence:
4 years in prison. Expires: 5 November 2006 Details of arrest: Arrested
for his participation in an open letter to China’s 16th Party Congress
calling for political reform (see He Depu above and Zhao Changqing
below). For the first four months of his detention his wife was reportedly
unable to obtain any documentation regarding his arrest or his whereabouts.
However, on 25 March 2003 she was told by the Beijing Public
Security Bureau that her husband had been charged on 14 December
2002 with ‘incitement to subvert state power’. Details of trial:
Reportedly sentenced on 28 November 2003 to four years imprisonment
on subversion charges. Information provided by the internet server
Yahoo! Holdings (Hong Kong) is said to have helped identify him. Place
of detention: Quincheng Prison, Beijing.
KONG Youping and Ning Xianhua
Profession: Internet writers and factory workers. Date of arrest:
November 2003 Sentence: 15 and 12 years in prison respectively.
Expires: November 2018 and November 2015 respectively. Details of
arrest: Kong Youping was reportedly arrested after posting five articles
and seven poems on an overseas website challenging the official version
of the “Beijing Spring” and alleging official corruption. The pair were
also accused of posting online essays supporting the establishment of
trade unions and the China Democratic Party (CDP). It is thought that the
heavy sentences against the pair are related to growing workers’ unrest in
Northeast China where many factory workers for failing state enterprises
are being laid off and an organised labour movement is struggling to
emerge. Details of trial: Both were sentenced on 16 September 2004 by
the Shenyang Intermediate People’s Court, Liaoning province, northeastern
China on charges of ‘subverting state power’.
LI Changqing
Profession: Deputy news director of the Fuzhou Daily. Date of arrest: 3
February 2005 Sentence: Three years in prison. Expires: 2 February
2008 Details of arrest: First arrested in connection with the investigation
of Huang Jingao, a Communist Party official in Fujian province who
wrote an open letter to the People’s Daily newspaper in December 2004
alleging corruption among local officials. Li was initially charged with
inciting subversion for helping Huang write the letter and supporting him
in articles published in his newspaper and on-line, but this charge was
later dropped for lack of evidence. The authorities then filed a new
charged for an article Li published on 13 October 2004 on the banned
Chinese-language Web site Boxun News exposing an outbreak of dengue
fever in Fujian province before the authorities officially announced it.
Details of trial: Sentenced to three years in prison on 24 January 2006
by the Gulou district court in southern China’s Fuzhou city for
“spreading false and alarmist information”.
*LI Jianping
D.o.b.: 1966. Profession: Internet dissident and head of a medical
supplies business. Date of arrest: 27 May 2006 Details of arrest:
32 Reportedly arrested on 27 May 2005 in Zibo, Shandong Province, northeastern
China, and charged on 30 June 2005 with defamation and inciting
subversion of state power for his critical writings. Li wrote for overseas
news websites banned in China such as Boxun news, Epoch Times,
China Democracy and ChinaEWeekly. It is not known which of his articles
led to his detention, although on 17 May 2005 he posted a critical
analysis of Hu Jintao’s policy towards Taiwan. The case has been repeatedly
returned to the prosecution for lack of evidence, most recently on 26
December 2005, but on 9 March 2006 he was formally indicted on
charges of “incitement to subvert state power”. Details of trial: Tried on
12 April 2006 by Zibo City Intermediate Court in Shandong Province,
northeastern China, on charges of inciting subversion for his on-line articles.
A verdict had not been given at the time of publication. Place of
detention: Held at the Zibo City Detention Center, Shandong Province.
LI Yuanlong
Profession: Reporter for the daily Bijie Ribao. Date of arrest: 9
September 2005 Details of arrest: Arrested by members of the security
bureau in Guizhou province in south-west China, after posting articles
online critical of local living standards and calling for democracy. The
prosecution cited recent articles he had written under the pen-name Ye
Lang (Night Wolf) for U.S.-based Chinese language Web sites banned in
China, including Boxun News, Epoch Times, ChinaEWeekly and New
Century Net. Two articles entitled “In my mind, I am an American” and
“Common birth, tragic death” were said to be viewed by the Chinese
authorities as particularly “serious”. Li was formally charged with
‘incitement to subversion’ on 9 February 2006. His trial was expected to
be held in March, but has been postponed for reasons unknown to PEN.
Li Yuanlong is known for his reporting on rural poverty in his native
Guizhou Province. [Sentenced on 13 July 2006 to two years in prison.]
Place of detention: Bijie Detention Centre Treatment in prison: Held
without access to family visits. Health concerns: Said to be in very poor
health.
LI Zhi
D.o.b.: 1971. Profession: Internet writer and financial official in the
Dazhou municipal government, Sichuan Province. Date of arrest: 8
August 2003 Sentence: 8 years in prison Expires: 7 August 2011
Details of arrest: Reportedly arrested on 8 August 2003 by Sichuan
Province State Security Police after posting an essay on an overseas
website accusing Sichuan officials of corruption. Officially charged on 3
September 2003 with ‘conspiracy to subvert state power’. Details of
trial: Sentenced to eight years in prison on 11 December 2003 by the
Dazhou Intermediate People’s Court. The court verdict confirms that
both Yahoo! Hong Kong Ltd And Sina Beijing supplied evidence to the
prosecution. Honorary Member: Canadian PEN.
LU Zengqi and YAN Qiuyan
Profession: Falun Gong members and internet writers/publishers. Date
of arrest: Not known. Sentence: 10 years in prison respectively.
Expires: 2014 Details of trial: Sentenced by Court No.1 in Chongqing,
western China, on 19 February 2004 to ten years in prison each for
writing and publishing respectively an online publication which
according to the court verdict “tarnished the image of the government by
broadcasting fabricated stories of persecution suffered by cult members”.
The newsletter alleged the ill-treatment in prison of a fellow Falun Gong
member.
MAO Qingxiang and WU Yilong
Profession: Internet writers and China Democratic Party (CDP)
activists. Date of arrest: June 1999 Sentence: 8 and 11 years’ imprisonment
respectively. Expires: June 2007 and June 2010 respectively.
Details of arrest: Arrested with fellow activist Xu Guang (released on
14 September 2004 on expiry of sentence) for circulating pro-democracy
articles on the Internet and for their work with the magazine Zai Yedang
(Opposition Party). The CDP, founded in 1998, is an underground opposition
party. PEN learned of this case in September 2004. Details of
trial: Sentenced by the Hangzhou Intermediate Court in Zhejiang
Province, eastern China, on charges of subversion.
Abdulghani MEMETEMIN
D.o.b.: 1964 Profession: Writer, teacher and translator from the
Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR). Date of arrest: 26 July
2002 Sentence: 9 years’ imprisonment. Expires: 25 July 2011 Details of
arrest: Reported in August 2004 to have been detained since July 2002
on charges of “sending secret state information out of the country”.
Reportedly arrested in Kashgar on 26 July 2002. Since 1999 Memetemin
had provided information on a voluntary basis to the East Turkistan
Information Centre (ETIC), a Uighur rights and pro-independence group
run by exiled Uighurs in Germany and described by China as a terrorist
group although the group is not known to have advocated violence.
Details of trial: Convicted in June 2003 by the Kashgar Intermediate
People’s Court of “violating state secrets and sending them outside the
country”. Sentenced to nine years in prison. Charges against him are
believed to have included translating state news articles into Chinese
from Uighur, forwarding official speeches to the ETIC, which is banned
in China, and conducting reporting for the ETIC. Also accused of
recruiting other reporters for the ETIC. Said to have been denied legal
representation at his trial and to have been denied access to his wife and
children since his arrest. Reportedly tortured in detention. Honorary
member of: German PEN.
SHI Tao
Dob: 25 July 1968 Profession: Journalist and poet. Member of
Independent Chinese PEN. Date of Arrest: 24 November 2004.
Sentence: 10 years’ imprisonment. Expires: 25 November 2014 Details
of Arrest: He was arrested without a warrant at his home in Taiyuan,
Shanxi Province, northwest China, by police from Changsha National
Security Bureau, southern China. They also confiscated his writings,
computer and other personal belongings. He is believed to have been
transferred to Changsha, Hunan Province, southern China, on suspicion
of ‘leaking state secrets overseas’. According to Xinhua, the government
run news agency, he had been found guilty of posting online his notes
based on a government document that was read out at an editorial
meeting of Dangdai Shang Bao (Contemporary Trade News) in April
2004. Details of Trial: Shi Tao was sentenced on 30 April 2005 to ten
years’ imprisonment for “revealing state secrets”. The sentence was
upheld on appeal on 2 June 2005. He was not allowed to attend the
appeal hearing, and his mother has applied for a review of the appeal on
procedural grounds. Professional Details: Shi Tao has worked as a freelance
journalist for several newspapers including the Changsha-based
daily Dangdai Shang Bao (Contemporary Trade News), which he left in
May 2004 in order to return to his home city of Taiyuan. He has also
written a number of articles, including political commentaries, for online
forums, in particular the overseas Chinese web-site Min Zhu Lun Tan
(Democracy Forum). He has published several books of poetry. Recipient 33
of the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) International Press
Freedom Award 2005. Place of Detention: Chishan Prison, Postbox:
101, 413104 Yuanjiang City, Hunan Province. Health concerns: Said to
be suffering from respiratory problems as a result of forced labour. His
health was reported in April 2006 to have deteriorated and he is said to
suffer from a heart condition, an ulcer and skin problems. Honorary
member of: Sidney, German, ICPC, Canada, New Zealand and USA
PEN.
TAO Haidong
Profession: Internet writer and editor. Date of arrest: 9 July 2002.
Sentence: Seven years’ imprisonment. Expires: 8 July 2009. Details of
arrest: Arrested from his home in Urumqi, Xinjiang while in the process
of posting articles on the internet. Details of trial: His trial began on 8
January 2003, and was conducted in secret at the Urumqi People’s Court.
He was found guilty of having posted material on the internet that
allegedly incited people to subvert the government, and was sentenced to
seven years’ imprisonment. His sentencing was disclosed by the Official
People’s Court Daily on 16 February 2003, but the date of the court’s
decision is unknown. According to articles in the Urumqi local press Tao
Haidong was arrested on suspicion of espionage after having posted articles
on both Chinese and overseas websites predicting the collapse of
China’s economy and criticising China’s leaders. Place of detention:
Urumqi Dadaowan Detention Centre. Previous political imprisonment/
problems: Tao Haidong previously completed three years of
‘Reform through Labour’ for editing a book entitled ‘Imaginings of a
New Human Race.’ He was released in January 2001 and subsequently
became active on the internet, often without using a pseudonym.
Tohti TUNYAZ (pen-name MUZART)
D.o.b.: 1 October 1959 Profession: Ethnic Uighur historian and writer.
Date of arrest: 1 April 1998 Sentence: 11 years imprisonment and two
years’ deprivation of political rights. Expires: 31 March 2009 Details of
arrest: Reportedly first arrested on 6 February 1998 in Urumchi,
Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, whilst on a research trip. He was
charged on 10 November 1998 with “inciting national disunity” and
“stealing state secrets for foreign persons” (later amended by the
Supreme Court to “illegally acquiring state secrets”). Tohti Tunyaz was
studying for a Ph.D. in Uighur history and ethnic relations at Tokyo
University, Japan, at the time of his arrest, and the charges against him
are believed to be linked to his research, and specifically a book allegedly
published by Tohti in Japan in 1998 entitled The Inside Story of the Silk
Road, which according to the Chinese government advocates ethnic
separation. No such book appears to exist. Details of trial: He was
convicted on 10 March 1999 by the Urumqi Intermediate People’s Court
and, following an appeal, sentenced by the Supreme Court on 15
February 2000 to five years’ imprisonment for ‘stealing state secrets’ and
seven years’ imprisonment for ‘inciting national disunity’, combined as
eleven years’ imprisonment and two years’ deprivation of political rights.
Place of detention: Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region Prison No.3,
Urumqi. Professional details: Tohti graduated from the history department
of the Central Institute of Nationalities, Beijing, in 1984 and was
assigned to work for the China National Standing Committee. During
this time he reportedly formed a close relationship with former Xinjiang
governors Seyfudin Eziz and Ismail Emet, and was involved in the translation
of Eziz’s works. He started studying for his Ph.D. at Tokyo
University in 1995, specialising in the history of Chinese policy toward
minority peoples in the 19th and 20th centuries. He was still completing
his studies at the time of his arrest. He has reportedly published several
papers on Uighur history in Japan, and has published a book on Uighur
history in 1995 in Beijing. Other information: Has a wife and children
in Japan. Tohti Tunyaz is from Bay County, Aksu prefecture, Xinjiang
Province, North West China. He adopted the name of the biggest river
‘Muzart’ in Bay County as his pen-name. Recipient of 2002 PEN
America/Barbara Goldsmith Freedom to Write Award. Adopted by the
UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention on 17 May 2001. Honorary
member of: English, Perth, Catalan, Japan, American, Liechtenstein and
Canadian PEN.
*WANG Xiaoning
D.o.b.: 1951 Profession: Internet writer and dissident. Date of arrest: 1
September 2002 Sentence: 10 years in prison. Expires: 31 August 2012
Details of arrest: Arrested on 1 September 2002 and charged on 30
September 2002 with subversion for articles published on-line between
2000 and 2002. Wang’s case has only recently come to light. Details of
trial: Sentenced to ten years in prison on 25 July 2003 by the Beijing
Municipal First Intermediary People’s Court. Thought to be specifically
charged for articles published in the on-line journals ‘Democratic
Reform Free Forum’ and ‘Current Political Commentary’ between 2000
and 2002. The journals reportedly included articles written by Wang
under his real name and pen-name advocating democratic reform and
criticising the authorities. The journals were said to be distributed by
email through Yahoo! groups that Wang established anonymously in
mainland China and Hong Kong. It is not known whether Yahoo!
Holdings (Hong Kong) Ltd supplied evidence to the prosecution. Wang
published his articles on a number of web-sites in China and overseas.
Wang was also accused of advocating the establishment of the ‘China
Third Road Party’ and communicating by email with the leader of the
China Social Democratic Party which is banned in China. Place of
detention: Beijing Municipal No.2 prison. Treatment in prison:
Reportedly suffered repeated physical abuse in detention between
September 2002 and February 2004. In May 2004 he was transferred to
Beijing Municipal No.2 Prison where he has since been held in solitary
confinement.
XU Wei, JIN Haike, Yang Zili, and ZHANG Honghai
Profession: Reporter for Xiaofei Ribao (Consumer Daily), geologist and
writer, writer and computer engineer, and freelance writer respectively.
Date of arrest: 13 March 2001 Sentence: Xu Wei and Jin Haike were
sentenced to ten years in prison, and Yang Zili and Zhang Honghai to
eight years. Expires: 12 March 2011 (Xu Wei and Jin Haike) and 12
March 2009 (Yang Zili and Zhang Honghai) respectively. Details of
arrest: Arrested on 13 March 2001 and charged with ‘subversion’ as a
result of their participation in the ‘Xin Qingnian Xuehui’ (New Youth
Study Group), an informal gathering of individuals concerned with political
and economic inequalities who used the internet to circulate relevant
articles. Details of trial: On 28 September 2001, the Beijing
Intermediate Court initiated legal proceedings against the four focusing
on two essays circulated on the internet entitled ‘Be a new citizen, reform
China’ and ‘What’s to be done’, which allegedly demonstrated the
groups’ intention to “overthrow the Chinese Communist Party’s leadership
and the socialist system and subvert the regime of the people’s
democratic dictatorship”. No verdict was announced at the time, and
proceedings against the four writers re-commenced on 21 April 2003.
Lawyers for the four men argue that the failure to issue a verdict in the
34 case violates China’s Criminal Procedure Law, which stipulates that a
court must pronounce judgement within six weeks of accepting a case.
On 28 May 2003 Xu Wei and Jin Haike were sentenced to ten years in
prison, and Yang Zili and Zhang Honghai to eight years. Their appeal
was reportedly heard on 3 November 2003, but no verdict has been
announced. Other information: Xu Wei has been awarded one of the
2003 Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE) International
Press Freedom Awards. Honorary member of: Ghanaian PEN.
XU Zerong
D.o.b.: 1956 Profession: Research professor at Zhongshan University,
Guangzhou. Date of arrest: 24 June 2000 Sentence: 13 years’ imprisonment.
Expires: 23 June 2013 Details of arrest: Arrested in the city of
Guangzhou, south China, and formally charged on 25 July 2000 in
connection with “the illegal publication of books and periodicals...since
1993”. According to official sources, Xu had confessed to his crimes.
Details of trial: Sentenced on 20 December 2001 by Shenzhen
Intermediate Court to ten years’ imprisonment for leaking state secrets
and five years’ imprisonment for illegal business activities, combined as
13 years in prison. It appears that the first set of charges relate to his use
of documents concerning Chinese military operations in the Korean War
(1950-53), gathered in the course of his research; the second set of
charges are thought to relate to the allegedly illegal publication of books
and periodicals and the sale of book authorisation numbers since 1993.
Xu’s conviction was upheld on appeal in late December 2002 by the
Guangdong Province Higher People’s Court. Place of detention: Moved
to Xichun Prison, Guangzhou City,
Guangdong Province. Said to be held in the section of the prison reserved
for elderly and sick prisoners. Treatment in prison: International attention
is said to have resulted in better treatment by prison authorities,
including the transfer to a prison with more modern facilities. Health
concerns: Believed to suffer from high blood pressure and other serious
health conditions although no further details have been disclosed.
Professional details: Xu’s research specialised in Chinese Communist
Party history, military history and China’s relations with Southeast Asia.
He received his doctorate from St. Anthony’s College, Oxford
University, in 1999. His doctoral thesis covered Chinese military intervention
into the Korean War. In the 1980’s, Xu moved to Hong Kong
where he gained permanent residency. Whilst there he reportedly set up a
publishing house and was active in publishing the journal Chinese Social
Sciences Quarterly. He was also reportedly an assistant researcher for the
official Xinhua News Agency. At the time of his arrest, Xu held the positions
of Associate Research Professor at the Institute of Southeast Asian
Studies (Zhongshan University, Guangzhou) and Affiliated Professor of
the Provincial Guangzhou Academy of Social Sciences. Honorary
member of: Ghanaian PEN.
*YANG Xiaoqing
D.o.b.: 04/09/1969 Profession: Reporter with the Zhongguo Chanjing
Xinwenbao (China Industrial Economy News). Date of arrest: 22
January 2006 Sentence: 1 year in prison. Expires: 21 January 2007
Details of arrest: Reportedly arrested at a friend’s house by the Public
Security Bureau of Longhui County, Hunan Province, after investigating
and reporting the alleged corruption of Longhui County officials. He is
accused of posting ‘defamatory’ articles on an “illegal Web site” after
allegedly failing to extort up to 800,000 Yuan (US$100,000) from
Longhui county officials. His wife believes his arrest is connected to two
articles he wrote in May 2005 alleging corruption in the sale of a stateowned
company by local Longhui county officials to private individuals.
Said to have been under threat for months before his arrest in January,
and had gone into hiding in September 2005 after his reporting angered a
local Communist Party secretary. In late December 2005 police reportedly
issued a notice offering a reward for information on Yang’s whereabouts.
Details of trial: The People’s Procuratorate of Longhui County
turned the case back to the police for further investigation in March 2006
due to lack of evidence. Sentenced to one year in prison on 15 June 2006
on extortion charges for his reporting on official corruption. Place of
detention: Held at the Longhui County Detention Centre, Hunan
Province. Health concerns: His health is said to have deteriorated significantly
since his detention. He is said to have been diagnosed with
Hepatitis B, and there are also reports that he is denied treatment for an
undiagnosed growth.
*YANG Tongyan (aka Yang Tianshui)
D.o.b.: 1961 Profession: Dissident writer and member of Independent
Chinese PEN Centre. Date of arrest: 23 December 2005 Sentence: 12
years in prison Expires: 22 December 2017 Details of arrest: Yang
Tongyan (pen-name Yang Tongshui) was detained without a warrant on
23 December 2005 in Nanjing. His family were not formally notified of
his arrest or whereabouts until 27 January 2006, when they received
formal notification of his arrest dated 20 January from the Public
Security Bureau of Zhenjiang City, east of Nanjing. Yang was held
incommunicado at Dantu Detention Centre in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu
Province, without access to his family. Details of trial: He was convicted
of subversion for posting anti-government articles on the Internet, organizing
branches of the (outlawed) China Democracy Party and accepting
illegal funds from overseas. He was sentenced by the Zhenjiang intermediate
court in eastern China’s Jiangsu province at a three-hour trial on 16
May 2006. Yang Tongyan is known for his critical writings published on
dissident news websites such as Boxun.com and Epoch Times. Previous
political imprisonment/problems: He spent a decade in prison from
1990 to 2000 on “counter-revolution” charges for his involvement in the
1989 pro-democracy protests. He was also previously held incommunicado
from 24 December 2004 - 25 January 2005.
Nurehamet YASIN and Korash HUSEYIN
D.o.b.: 6 March 1974 and 1970 respectively. Profession: Freelance
Uighur writer and editor of the Uighur-language Kashgar Literary
Journal respectively. Date of arrest: Yasin - 29 November 2004,
Huseyin – not known. Sentence: 10 years and 3 years in prison respectively.
Expires: 30 November 2014 and 2008 respectively. Details of
arrest: Nurmehamet Yasin was arrested in Kashgar on 29 November
2004 for the publication of his short story Wild Pigeon (Yawa Kepter),
which was first published in the bi-monthly Uighur-language Kashgar
Literature Journal, issue No. 5, November 2004. Authorities also confiscated
Yasin’s personal computer containing an estimated 1,600 poems,
commentaries, stories, and one unfinished novel. PEN first learned of this
case in September 2005. Yasin’s story was widely circulated and recommended
for one of the biggest Uighur literary websites in the Uighur
Autonomous Region for outstanding literary award. It also attracted the
attention of the Chinese authorities, who apparently consider the fable to
be a tacit criticism of their government in the Xinjiang Uighur
Autonomous Region. There are no details about Huseyin’s arrest. Details
of trial: After a closed trial in February 2005 at which he was not
permitted a lawyer, Yasin was sentenced by the Maralbesh Country court
to 10 years in prison for “inciting Uighur separatism” in his book Wild
Pigeon (Yawa Kepter). His sentence was upheld on appeal by the 35
Kashgar Intermediate Court, and Yasin was transferred on 19 May 2005
to Urumchi No. 1 Jail, where he remains detained. PEN learned in
November 2005 that Huseyin had been sentenced by a Kashgar court to
three years for publishing the story, WiPC seeking further details of his
trial and charges. Place of detention: Yasin - Urumchi No.1 Jail. It is not
known where Huseyin is held. Treatment in prison: Yasin has been
permitted no visitors since his arrest. Professional details:
Nurmuhemmet Yasin is an award-winning and prolific freelance Uighur
writer. He has published many highly acclaimed literary works and
prose-poems in recent years, including the poetry collections First Love,
Crying from the Heart, and Come on Children. He is said to be a mature
writer with an established literary credential among Uighur readers. He is
married with two young sons. Korash Huseyin is married with three children.
Wild Pigeon was translated from the Uighur into English and
Chinese by Dolkun Kamberi, director of Radio Free Asia’s (RFA)
Uighur service. It has been adapted for broadcast by RFA’s Uighur
service, edited in English by Sarah Jackson-Han, and produced for the
English Web by Luisetta Mudie. The English translation is available
online in two parts as follows:
http://www.rfa.org/english/uyghur/2005/06/27/wild_pigeon/
http://www.rfa.org/english/uyghur/2005/06/27/wild_pigeon2/
ZHAO Changqing
D.o.b.: 1967. Profession: Leading Xi’an-based dissident. Date of
arrest: 7 November 2002 Sentence: 5 years in prison Expires: 6
November 2007 Details of arrest: Reportedly arrested after drafting an
open letter to China’s 16th Party Congress calling for political reform.
The letter was signed by 192 opposition activists, several of whom were
also detained, including He Depu and Jiang Lijin (see above). The letter
reportedly included the following political demands: a reassessment of
the 1989 democracy movement; the return of political exiles; the restoration
of the political rights of the former Chinese Communist Party
General Secretary Zhao Ziyang, who was ousted from government and
placed under house arrest on 23 June 1989 for advocating a dialogue with
the students demonstrating in Tiananmen Square; the release of all prisoners
of conscience; China’s ratification of the International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights; national elections. Charged on 25 June 2003
with inciting subversion of state power. Details of trial: His trial began
on 10 July 2003 at the Xi’an Intermediate People’s Court and he was
sentenced on 4 August 2003 to five years’ imprisonment. Health
concerns: Said to be suffering from tuberculosis at the time of his arrest,
and his health is thought have significantly deteriorated in prison.
Transferred to a prison infirmary for several months but subsequently
returned to prison. Place of detention: Xi’an Municipal Public Security
Bureau. Treatment in prison: Held incommunicado and reported to
have been repeatedly ill-treated in jail, including beatings and long
periods of solitary confinement. Most recently reported to have been
placed in solitary confinement for three months on 18 February 2006 for
refusing to participate in military drills in prison. Previous political
imprisonment/problems: Previously served two years in prison for
endangering state security, released in February 2001; also detained in
1989 for his involvement in the Beijing pro-democracy protests. Other
information: Adopted by the UN Working Group on Arbitrary
Detention.
ZHAO Yan
Profession: News assistant at the Beijing bureau of the New York Times
and former reporter for China Reform magazine. Also an activist. Date
of arrest: 17 September 2004. Details of arrest: Arrested on charges of
“providing state secrets to foreigners” for an article published in the New
York Times on 7 September 2004 revealing Jiang Zemin’s retirement
from the position of Chairman of the Central Military Commission and
the transfer of leadership to President Hu Jintao. The article preceded the
official announcement about Jiang’s retirement, which was made on 19
September 2004. Zhao Yan, who worked as a researcher and not a
reporter for the New York Times, is claimed to be the source of the leak
by the authorities and was formally charged on 20 October 2004. On 1
June 2005 it was reported that a new charge of fraud had been brought
against him, allowing the authorities to extend the period of untried
detention legally permitted in Zhao’s case. He was formally charged with
leaking state secrets on 23 December 2005, which carries a maximum
penalty of 10 years in prison. Tried behind closed doors on 16 June 2006
at Beijing People’s Intermediate Court No.2. No verdict has yet been
announced. He remains detained. Treatment in detention: Held incommunicado.
Previous political imprisonment/problems: Zhao began
working at the “New York Times” in May after he was forced out of his
job as a reporter for “China Reform” magazine. Reportedly harassed on
numerous occasions in 2004 for his aggressive reporting for China
Reform magazine alleging government abuse of peasants across China.
In June 2004, police raided Zhao’s family home. According to the New
York-based organization Human Rights in China, the raid startled Zhao’s
elderly father and precipitated a decline in his health and he died a few
days later. Other information: UN Working Group on Arbitrary
Detention declared his detention arbitrary on 2 September 2005.
ZHANG Lin
D.o.b.: 1963. Profession: A dissident writer and pro-democracy advocate.
Date of arrest: 27 January 2005 Sentence: 5 years in prison
Expires: 28 January 2010 Details of arrest: Arrested on 27 January
2005 at Bangbu City railway station in Anhui Province. At the time of his
arrest, Zhang Lin had just returned from a trip to Beijing where he
planned to pay his respects to the late Zhao Ziyang, a reformist politician
who had died on 17 January 2005. Zhang Lin was not permitted to do so
by the authorities and was forced to return to Bangbu. On 29 January,
Zhang Lin was charged with “disturbing social order”, and placed in
detention for 15 days. His house was searched by police on 6 February.
On 12 February, shortly before he was due to be released, he was charged
with “suspicion of endangering national security”, and remains in detention.
According to the official indictment issued by the Bengbu authorities
on 23 May, Zhang Lin was arrested because of a number of
‘subversive’ articles he had written and subsequently posted on the
Internet between August 2003 and January 2005. The lyrics of a punk
rock song by the popular Chinese group Pangu, which he quoted in an
essay entitled ‘Pangu – The Hysterical Ravings of the Chinese People’,
are said to form part of the evidence against him. The stanzas which he
reportedly quoted are translated as follows: ‘The Yellow River Should
run dry, this society should collapse, this system should be destroyed,
this race should become extinct, this country should perish’. Details of
trial: Zhang Lin was convicted of ‘incitement to subversion’ by the
Anhui Intemediate People’s Court on 28 July 2005 and sentenced to five
years in prison. The verdict was not formally announced, even to his
lawyer, until 2 August, significantly reducing Zhang Lin’s opportunity to
appeal his conviction. His appeal was rejected on 14 October 2005
without a hearing. Place of detention: Nanjiao Prison, Hefei City, Anhui
Province. Treatment in detention: Since his imprisonment Zhang Lin
36 has reportedly suffered harsh treatment, including long hours of forced
labour, restricted access to correspondence with his wife, and denial of
access to news and writing materials. Health concerns: Said to be very
weak and suffering from minor heart problems as a result of a monthlong
hunger strike which he ended on 28 September 2005. Reported in
May 2006 to require urgent hospital treatment for a slipped cervical disc
that is affecting his central nervous system. Prison medical facilities are
said to be inadequate to treat his condition. Previous political imprisonment/
problems: Previously detained from 1989-91, when he was
sentenced to two years in prison for his involvement in the pro-democracy
protests, and again from 1994-97 when he received a three-year
sentence for campaigning for workers’ rights. After his release in 1997
he settled in the U.S. but was re-arrested in 1998 when he re-entered
China illegally, and was sentenced to three years’ RTL. Since his release
in 2001 he has been subject to constant surveillance and harassment, and
has reportedly had to rely on publishing articles overseas to support
himself and his family.
ZHENG Yichun
D.o.b.: 1958 Profession: Poet, professor and freelance journalist Date of
arrest: 3 December 2004 Sentence: 7 years in prison Expires: 2
December 2011 Details of arrest: According to PEN’s information,
Zheng Yichun was arrested on 3 December 2004 and charged in connection
with sixty-three articles he had written for foreign-based publications
and websites. His family were reportedly threatened with reprisals
if they contacted international press or human rights organisations about
his arrest. Details of trial: Zheng Yichun was convicted by the Yingkou
Intermediate People’s Court, Liaonin Province, northern China, on 21
July 2005 of ‘incitement to subversion of state power’ for his critical
writings, many of which were posted on-line on overseas web-sites. He
was sentenced on 20 September 2005, and his appeal was rejected on 22
December 2005. Place of detention: Jinzhou Prison, Jinzhou City,
Liaoning Province. Health concerns: Zheng Yichun is a diabetic.
Professional details: A member of the Korean minority. Has published
eight collections of poetry and nearly 200 essays and political articles.
Publications to have recently carried his articles include Da Ji Yuan
(Epoch Times) and websites such as Boxun and Min Zhu Lun Tan
(Democracy Forum), all of them based abroad. Before his arrest, Zheng
was also an English professor at the University of Liaoning. Honorary
member of: PEN Canada and PEN Flanders.
Investigation
CHING Cheong: Hong Kong based correspondent for Singapore’s The
Straits Times. Ching Cheong was detained on 22 April 2005 in
Guangzhou, southern China, on charges of espionage. Sources familiar
with the case claim that Ching Cheong had been sent to Guanzhou to
obtain a manuscript of secret interviews with the late Zhao Ziyang,
former Premier and Secretary-General of the Communist Party, who
opposed the government clampdown on the Tiananmen Square protestors
in 1989, which led to his downfall. It has been reported that the
publication of the interviews would be extremely damaging to the
Communist regime in China. Ching was formally charged on 5 August
2005 for allegedly selling economic, political and military information to
Taiwanese agents between 2000 and 2005. He was transferred to Beijing,
where he has since been held under a form of detention known as ‘residence
under surveillance’. His trial was adjourned for at least a month for
lack of evidence on 22 February 2006 but he remains detained.
Abdulla JAMAL: Teacher and writer. Ethnic Uighur from the Xinjiang
Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR). Reportedly arrested in early April
2005 for writing a book which allegedly incites ‘separatism’. Jamal, who
teaches at the No.1 Middle School of Poskam County near Kashgar, is
said to be known in the region for his writing. He was detained after he
submitted the manuscript of his book ‘Disaster in the Oil Well’ to a
publishing house in Kashgar. The exact charges against Jamal have not
been made known, although the Chinese authorities have reportedly
accused him of inciting ‘separatism’ in the book. His whereabouts are
unknown and he is feared to be at risk of torture.
*ZHU Wanxiang, WU Zhengyou and WANG Xianyong (aka Pan
Chunlei): Editors and journalist respectively with the magazine
Zhonghua Xin Qingnian (New China Youth). Arrested on 20 August
2005 and sentenced on 17 January 2006 to ten, six and one year in prison
respectively for “illegal commercial activity, fraud and extortion”. The
charges are said to relate their reporting on clashes in Lishui in May 2005
involving peasants who were protesting against the confiscation of their
land. The peasants reportedly gave the newspaper 30,000 yuan (3,000
euros) in thanks for writing about their demands. The prosecutor alleges
that the magazine had extorted the money. The journalists are appealing
their sentences. WiPC seeking further information.
Brief detention
*ZHAO Shiying: Writer and member of Independent Chinese PEN
Centre. Reportedly arrested on 15 February 2006 whilst en route for
Shenzhen airport. He was about to fly to Beijing to apply for a visa to
travel to Turkey to attend the International PEN Writers in Prison
Committee Conference held in Istanbul on 1-4 March 2006. The reason
for his arrest is not known. Released on 17 February 2006.
Released
JIANG Weiping: Former Dalian bureau chief for the Hong Kong-based
newspaper Wen Hui Bao and reporter for the state news agency Xinhua.
Also a published poet. Arrested on 4 December 2000 and sentenced to
eight years’ imprisonment, reduced to six years on appeal, for ‘revealing
state secrets’ and ‘inciting to subvert state power’ for publishing articles
in the Hong Kong-based monthly magazine Qianshao (Frontline)
reporting on corruption scandals in north-eastern China. Released on 3
January 2006.
LUO Changfu: Internet writer. Arrested on 13 March 2003 and
sentenced to 3 years’ imprisonment for subversion in connection with
articles published on Boxun.com. Presumed freed on expiry of sentence.
YU Dongyue: Art editor of Liuyang Daily. Arrested on 22 May 1989
and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment and five years’ deprivation of
civil rights, commuted to eighteen years in September 2000, on charges
of ‘counter-revolutionary propaganda, sabotage and incitement’ for
throwing paint-filled eggs and ink at Mao’s portrait in Tiananmen
Square, Beijing. He is reported to be suffering extreme psychological
disturbance as a result of treatment in prison. Freed on 22 February 2006
on medical grounds and taken home to his family.
Case closed
CAI Zhouhua: Publisher. Reportedly arrested on 13 September 2004
and accused of ‘illegal commercial activity’ for profiting from the sale of
illegal books. Charges relate to the sale of an unlicensed book, a version
of the Bible not approved by the authorities, published by Maizi
(‘Culture and Art’) publishing House. Case closed for lack of further
details.
LUO Yongzhong: Internet writer/activist and stall-holder. Arrested on
13 June 2003 and sentenced to 3 years in prison on subversion charges 37
for posting critical articles on-line. WiPC learned that he had been freed
on 13 December 2005, 6 months before the expiry of his sentence. Case
closed.
ZHU Yufu: Internet writer and China Democratic Party (CDP) activist.
Arrested in June 1999 with fellow activist Xu Guang (released on 14
September 2004 on expiry of sentence) and MAO Qingxiang and WU
Yilong (see ‘main case’ above) for circulating pro-democracy articles on
the Internet and for their work with the magazine Zai Yedang (Opposition
Party). Sentenced to 7 years’ imprisonment for subversion. Presumed
freed on expiry of sentence in June 2006.
TIBET AUTONOMOUS REGION
Main cases
Lobsang DHARGAY, Tashi GYALTSEN, Jampel GYATSO,
Tsultrim PHELGAY and Toesam Zangden
D.o.b.: 1968, 1964, 1979, 1967 and 1973 respectively. Profession:
Monks from the Drakar Trezong monastery in Qinghai province, northwestern
China. Date of arrest: 16 January 2005 Sentence: Tashi
Gyaltsen and Jampel Gyatso were reportedly administratively sentenced
to three years RTL (“re-education through labour”) and Lobsang
Dhargay, Tsultrim Phelgay and Toesam Zangden to two years’ RTL
respectively. Expires: 15 January 2008 (Tashi Gyaltsen and Jampel
Gyatso) and 15 January 2007 (Lobsang Dhargay, Tsultrim Phelgay and
Toesam Zangden). Details of arrest: Arrested in their rooms at the
Drakar Trezong monastery in Qinghai province, northwestern China.
They were allegedly detained for publishing a journal called ‘The Charm
of Sun and Moon’ which contained poems and writings of a political
nature. The magazine was published in mid to late 2004. Place of detention:
Said to be held in Topa Re-education Through Labour Camp at
Huangzhong Dzong, near Xining in Qinghai province, northwestern
China. Professional details: Tashi Gyaltsen is said to have edited this
and other magazines at the monastery, and to have written ‘The Past and
Present History of Tredzong Monastery’ and other articles. Jampel
Gyatso co-edited the magazine. Lobsang Dhargay, Tsultrim Phelgay, and
Toesam Zangden all vice-edited the magazine. Previous political problems/
imprisonment: Lobsang Dhargay and Toesam Zangden were
detained without charge for one and two months respectively in 2002.
Dawa GYALTSEN
D.o.b.: 1969. Profession: Buddhist monk. Date of arrest: November
1995 Sentence: 18 years imprisonment. Expires: November 2013
Details of arrest: Arrested for writing pro-independence pamphlets
which were posted in April 1995 as part of a widespread protest against
the Chinese authorities. The pamphlets reportedly contained a brief
history of Tibet as an independent nation and pro-independence slogans.
Details of trial: In May 1996, Nagchu Prefecture Intermediate People’s
Court sentenced Gyalsten to eighteen years’ imprisonment on charges of
carrying out “counter-revolutionary propaganda”. His brother Nyima
Gyaltsen was sentenced to thirteen years’ imprisonment for leading the
protest. Three other monks co-accused with the Gyaltsen brothers were
sentenced to lesser terms ranging from two-six years for their participation
in the protest, and have now been freed on expiry of their sentences.
The case was not known to PEN until July 2004. Place of detention:
Tibet Autonomous Region Prison (formerly Drapchi Prison), Lhasa.
Treatment in prison: Said to have been severely tortured whilst under
interrogation.
Ven NGAWANG Phulchung
D.o.b.: c.1958 Profession: senior monk from Drepung monastery near
Lhasa. Date of Arrest: 16 April 1989 Sentence: 19 years in prison plus
nine years’ deprivation of political rights Expires: 15 April 2008 Details
of Trial: Sentenced at a mass rally in November 1989 for producing
political leaflets which ‘venomously slandered the people’s democratic
dictatorship’ and for ‘spying for the enemy’. Place of Detention: Tibet
Autonomous Region Prison (formerly Drapchi Prison), Lhasa. Previous
Political Imprisonment/Problems: Publications of Drepung printing
group included a Tibetan translation of the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights and a Tibetan political manifesto, ‘The Meaning of the
Precious Democratic Constitution of Tibet’, calling for constitutional
democracy. Singled out as the leader of a group of monks who were
secretly producing literature critical of the Chinese govt in early 1988.
Accused of setting up ‘illegal separatist movement’ or ‘counter-revolutionary
clique’ and of ‘collecting information and passing it on to the
enemy, seriously undermining national security’. Honorary Member
of: English, American, Canada, Sydney and Austrian PEN.

Unregistered
22-11-06, 13:40
http://www.internationalpen.org.uk/images/newsItemDownload/Caselist.pdf

Ademning alayide diqqitini tartidighini, bu sehipide Tibet bir dölet salayitide yer alghan, Uyghurlar Xitaylar bilen qoshup bayan qilinghan.