View Full Version : Craner Says Government Can't Ignore Human Rights in War on Terrorism

29-01-05, 00:35
Bu kixi qarxenbe kuni UAA orunlaxturghan Rafto murasimida soz kilghan Lorne Craner ning Urumqide sitodentlarge sozligen nutki. Paydilinixinglar uqun bu yerge qaplap koyduk.

Craner Says Government Can't Ignore Human Rights in War on Terrorism

Following is the text of U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Lorne
Craner's December 19 speech at Xinjiang University:

(begin text)

U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Lorne W. Craner
Xinjiang University
December 19, 2002

"The War against Terrorism and Human Rights"

I am delighted and honored to speak to the youth of Xinjiang
University today. It is a rare opportunity for an American official to
come to this part of China, to meet with a wide range of interesting
people and to hear from them directly about their interests and
concerns. I am grateful to the Chinese government for arranging my
appearance here today.

In my work as Assistant Secretary of State, I advise and represent
President Bush and Secretary Powell on U.S. policy in support of human
rights and democracy around the world. I have been lucky over the past
two years to be able to travel to many distant corners of the globe to
observe the situation of different peoples living under very different
sorts of governments and to discuss issues of importance to the United
States and them. I am always particularly interested in listening to
the views of young people and students, and to answer the very good
questions they have.

I was not much older than you when I first came to China as a college
student in 1981. I have returned many times since, the last time with
President Bush when he met China's leaders in February. Like all
visitors to China, I am amazed by the rapid economic progress and much
of the political progress that has taken place since the 1980s.

But it is to a region just across China's border, Central Asia, that I
traveled most often this year. Just last month, I was in Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. I had no idea when I took this job that I
would go to Central Asia so often. I go there because those nations --
like China -- are allies in the war on terror. So why, you may ask,
does the American government send a person who works on human rights
to countries that are allies in the war on terror?

I'm sure that you are all aware of the terrible events that occurred
in my country on September 11, 2001. I was a witness to those attacks;
I could see the Pentagon burning from my window at the State
Department. It is difficult to overstate the profound psychological
effect these attacks and the deaths of 3,000 people from 90 countries
had on the thinking of the American public.

After September 11, with the knowledge that there were people who
wanted to hurt us and who had the stated desire to kill as many
Americans as possible, some Americans believed that we as a nation had
to take whatever means necessary to punish and prevent terrorism. Some
felt that, in the face of this new threat, we no longer had the same
freedoms and liberties that have been considered a part of the
American way of life since the founding of our country. They also
believed that we should forget about human rights in other countries,
if it is expedient to do so to fight terrorism. As one who witnessed
the attacks, I can understand this emotional reaction. But I also
believe it is wrong, for a number of reasons.

This is the first reason: Human rights are the ability of people to
live with dignity and freedom, to have the power in the choices that
matter to them, so long as those choices do not infringe on the rights
of others to also live lives of dignity and freedom. They are called
rights precisely because they cannot be discarded when times get tough
or when circumstances become difficult. We believe we have these
rights by virtue of being humans, and the fact that they may be
inconvenient at times or make certain things difficult does not make
them any less real, or make us and our government any less obligated
to respect them.

Fighting the war on terror is undoubtedly made more complex by the
need to respect individuals' rights, but even our very legitimate and
necessary pursuit of security does not allow us or our government to
trample on the rights of our fellow man.

Moreover, security and respect for human rights are not mutually
exclusive. In fact, they support each other. Many of the root causes
of terrorism - hopelessness, despair, a sense of victimization and
injustice, and a desire for revenge - are found in downtrodden people
whose governments oppress them and prevent them from living lives of
dignity. Fanatics and extremists manipulate those feelings for their
own hateful purposes, and a vicious cycle is created where repression
breeds terrorism and terrorism provokes more repression. We think this
is a hopeless and self-destructive cycle, and one that dehumanizes all

Let me be clear: There is no excuse for terrorism, no matter the
cause. Nothing can justify the deliberate killing of innocents. But
just as terrorism can never be a legitimate response to grievances, so
combating terrorism can never be a legitimate reason to ignore human
rights. It might be tempting to think that authoritarian measures
beyond the law or even in the law's name will be most effective in
uprooting and defeating terrorists. But security obtained under these
circumstances is at best temporary, at worst illusory.

Both President Bush and Secretary Powell have made very clear publicly
and privately that the U.S. does not and will not condone governments
using counterterrorism as an excuse to silence peaceful expressions of
political or religious views. When we see terrorists, we will act
against them, but we do not believe we can condemn a whole religion,
or a whole people, because some among them commit terrorist acts. I
think we have shown this most clearly in Afghanistan, where we did not
strike emotionally and indiscriminately. Instead, our action in the
war was aimed deliberately only at the terrorists and the Taleban that
supported and sheltered them. In the process, we liberated millions of
Afghan Moslems from oppression, and we are now helping them build a
nation in a manner that they want and choose.

In Xinjiang, as I told your provincial leaders yesterday, America has
condemned the Al Qaeda-linked East Turkestan Islamic Movement. But I
am here today to reaffirm our friendship for the peaceful people of
Xinjiang. And I am here to restate what our Ambassador to China and I
have said many times: We believe people like Rebiya Kadeer should be
released from prison. To quote President Bush: "America will always
stand firm for the nonnegotiable demands of human dignity: the rule of
law; limits on the power of the state; respect for women; private
property; free speech; equal justice, and religious tolerance ...
including in the Islamic world."

Last week, Secretary of State Powell announced a new American program
to aid economic and educational progress and advance human rights in
the Middle East. He did so because it is the only way that those
societies, like all societies throughout the world, can best maximize
the potential of their people, and make a real future defined by
greater freedom, greater peace and greater prosperity.
As Secretary Powell has said, "Countries which demonstrate high
degrees of respect for human rights are the most secure and the most
successful. Indeed, respect for human rights is essential to a lasting
peace and sustained economic growth..."

I had an opportunity to see what Colin Powell meant last month in
Seoul, South Korea, where 102 nations gathered as a "Community of
Democracies". If we had tried to have that gathering 25 years ago, we
could not have held it in South Korea because it was a military
dictatorship at the time. And there would have been not 102, but maybe
32 countries that would have qualified to be part of a "Community of
Democracies." But today countries from Mongolia to Mali to Mexico are
illustrating that democracy and human rights are not American or
European concepts. There are many forms of democracy around the world,
each appropriate to its particular country, culture and history. What
they share in common is the knowledge that democracy does not just
mean building government institutions, but a system in which the
government is responsive to the needs of the people, and is
accountable to them through the rule of law and the check of an
electable opposition.

I began my talk today by noting that I have visited Uzbekistan
frequently this year. As I look out over this audience, I am reminded
of a meeting I had last month with students at Tashkent's law school.
As I looked into their faces, as I look into yours, I think that no
one so young should be burdened with the trauma and tragedy that
terror has brought to our world. But the students there have begun,
with American funding, a legal aid clinic to help ensure that
Uzbekistan's war on terror leads to greater freedom, not greater

We need to learn from these students if we're going to win the war on
terror. We also need to understand that we cannot rely on force alone.
My government and others must work towards a future of full lives and
fulfilled dreams - a future built on a strong foundation of human
rights and human dignity where terrorists will find no home. This is
our vision for the war on terror and human rights, and we hope all
governments will come to share it.

Uyghur Democratic Party
29-01-05, 00:40
UDP Letter to US Assitant Secretary of State Lorne Craner

"Uyghur Democratic Party's Letter to US Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor Affairs Lorne Craner"

December 18, 2002 Urumchi, East Turkistan

On the day the U.S. assistant secretary of state for democracy, human rights and labor affairs Lorne Craner was visiting East Turkistan on December 18, Wednesday, the central committee of the Uyghur Democratic Party, which was established recently and has been carrying out secret underground activities, published an open letter addressed to Lorne Craner to express its resentment against the Chinese Government and deliver the hopes of Uyghur people.

This letter by the Uyghur Democratic Party, which was written in Chinese, was published secretly in Urumchi, and passed on to the foreign media through the East Turkistan Information Center. Uyghur Democratic Party central committee has made a decision to designate the Germany based East Turkistan Information Center as it's fully authorized spokes organ.

Uyghur Democratic Party's Letter to US Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor Affairs Lorne Craner

Dear Mr. Lorne Craner:

On behalf of all the Uyghur people, we would like to express our satisfaction with your trip to East Turkistan. We believe your trip will bring hope to Uyghur people who are dreaming day and night about a society where freedom, democracy and prosperity will prevail, and their human rights and national existence will be guaranteed.

Dear Sir, first we would like to introduce our Party to you. Our Party is an organization that uses the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights as its guiding principle and operates underground in East Turkistan against the Communist Chinese Government. Our Party's goal is to achieve the total independence of East Turkistan, and materialize Uyghur people's dream to become the masters of their own destiny and live free like the other peoples in the free and democratic world.

Dear Mr. Lorne Craner, we wish we could meet your in person to deliver the hopes of the unfortunate Uyghur people whose human rights are grossly violated and whose national existence is seriously threatened. However, the Chinese Government simply would not allow us to meet you. Therefore, we have to publish this open letter both inside and outside of China. We hope you will understand.

Dear Mr. Lorne Craner, we have been observing gratefully that your country United States and other free and democratic countries have been paying close attention to the human rights violations in China, especially the situations in Tibet and East Turkistan, and constantly warning China not to violate the rights of the local peoples in these regions. Therefore, we believe we owe our conscience to express our gratitude to the United States and the free world.

As you might know, the ethnic conflict and oppression in East Turkistan is deteriorating at an alarming rate. This situation is creating an instability factor not only in East Turkistan but also in the entire Central Asia. Of course, the creation and strengthening of instability elements in East Turkistan is caused solely by the extreme oppressive policy of the Communist Chinese Government against the people in this region. Especially, Chinese Government has stepped up its oppression against the Uyghur people in the past 10 years.

The Chinese Government has been following a policy to destroy the Uyghur nation through well-planned gradual assimilation measures, forcing Uyghurs to give up their religion and cultural heritage and adopt the Chinese culture. The authorities have been distorting the Uyghur history and carrying out hand in hand campaigns to "clean up" school education systems and cultural fields through various fascist measures. They have carried out campaigns to destroy books on Uyghur history and religion through burning, forcefully replaced the Uyghur language with the Chinese as the instruction language in schools, forcing the teachers and students at universities and middle schools to give up their mother language.

Chinese Government is encouraging Chinese nationalism among the Chinese immigrants in East Turkistan, and allowing them special political, economic and social rights, but treating the Uyghurs as second-class citizens, causing the increase of the disparity between the Chinese immigrants and local population in East Turkistan. The Uyghurs who dare to oppose the Chinese oppression or express their discontent about the Chinese repression are labeled as "ethnic separatist", "illegal religious activist" and "terrorist" and being imprisoned or persecuted by various merciless means.

For these reason, the prisons in East Turkistan are overcrowded with Uyghur political prisoners. The Communist Chinese Government's harsh repressive policy against the peaceful expression of dissent by the Uyghurs in East Turkistan is forcing some Uyghur groups or organizations to choose armed struggle. As the oppression increases, so do the armed resistance activities.

Dear Mr. Lorne Craner, Uyghurs are peace-loving people. Our people have been subjected to unprecedented abuse and oppression ever since the Chinese occupation of East Turkistan in 1949, yet they have endured with tremendous patience, hoping for the moral support of the justice loving free world. But, the extreme oppression by the communist Chinese authorities is exhausting our people's patience and prompting them to express their dissatisfaction through various means of resistance.

However, we are strongly disappointed that the Chinese Government, which has long been imposing state terror on Uyghur people, pretend to be one of the "victim" countries of terrorism while the true victims of terrorism the Uyghur people are labeled as "terrorists".

Dear Mr. Lorne Craner, we would like to emphasize that we, as a people who have been victimized by the communist Chinese Government's state terrorism for half a century, oppose all forms of terrorism which only bring disaster to the world, and we feel sorry about the September 11 terror attack on American people, and we hate those terrorists who carried out that terrorist attack. We hope not only the Uyghurs but also the Chinese and all the other peoples around the world to enjoy freedom and happiness in a peaceful, democratic society, and we are ready to contribute to this goal.

However, it is a fact that the Communist Chinese Government is abusing the September 11 incident to severely distort the nature of the well-justified activities carried out by the Uyghur people to gain their freedom and the right to live as humans to portray the peace-loving Uyghur people as "terrorist" to the world public, and stepping up crack down on the Uyghur people. Especially, the Chinese Government is using the UN decision on "East Turkistan Islamic Movement" as a cover for its fascist acts against Uyghur people, and trying to label the whole Uyghur nation as "terrorists" using that decision as a "proof."

However, your Government's constant warning to China not to use the September 11 incident and the UN decision as an excuse to crack down on Uyghurs, and your special emphasis on the human rights situation in China during your trip are pleasing the Uyghur people and increasing our gratitude to you.

Dear Mr. Lorne Craner, you are now in the middle of your East Turkistan visit, but all you are seeing is the superficial appearance of East Turkistan, which is carefully staged by the Chinese Government. If you were allowed to visit the numerous Uyghur political prisoners suffering in the dark prison cells throughout East Turkistan, you would be able see the true face of this region.

At the end, we wish success to your trip to China and East Turkistan, and we urgently hope you will ask the Chinese leaders during your meeting with them to allow East Turkistan people their rights guaranteed in the Chinese constitution and the National Autonomous Law, and to give up their goal to destroy the national and religious identity of Uyghurs, and stop their policy to destroy the Uyghurs through assimilation in cultural, educational and religion fields, and stop arbitrary arrests, torture, and killing of Uyghurs.

We trust you will do that. We hope your trip will play a positive role in improving the human rights situation in China and stability of Central Asia. With respect to you and the American Government, Uyghur Democratic Party Central Committee, on behalf of Uyghur people.