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Amnesty
08-08-06, 10:55
PUBLIC
AI Index: ASA 17/042/2006
UPDATE
8 August 2006
8 August
2006



CHINA

Husein Dzhelil (known as Huseyin Celil) (m), aged 37, Canadian citizen
According to unconfirmed reports, Canadian citizen Husein Dzhelil is
due to be executed in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR) of
northwest China, on or before 10 August, for alleged ‘separatist’ or
‘terrorist’ activities.

The news about his pending execution was passed on to his relatives in
Kashgar in the XUAR by an unnamed police officer, according to whom he
is held in Urumqi, the regional capital. He is believed to be held
incommunicado and is at high risk of torture or ill-treatment. Further
details of his trial and conviction remain unclear.

Since Husein Dzhelil was forcibly returned to China, his family in
Canada have been trying to find out his whereabouts and any charges
against him but the Chinese authorities have refused to disclose this
information. The Canadian authorities have also tried to obtain further
information about his situation but this has apparently been
unsuccessful.

Husein Dzhelil, who is originally from the XUAR, reportedly fled China
in the mid-1990s after being detained in connection with his political
activities there. He eventually went to Turkey where he sought asylum
through the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). He
was recognised as a refugee and resettled to Canada in 2001. He was
detained on 27 March 2006 in Uzbekistan where he was visiting his
relatives, and handed over to the Chinese authorities at the end of
June. The Chinese authorities have refused to recognize Husein
Dzhelil’s Canadian citizenship, which he gained in November 2005.
According to his family, when Husein Dzhelil was extradited from
Uzbekistan, the Uzbek authorities kept his Canadian passport.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Over recent years, Amnesty International has monitored growing numbers
of forced returns of Uighurs to China from several of its neighbouring
countries, including those of Central Asia, such as Uzbekistan. In some
recent cases, returnees are reported to have been subjected to serious
human rights violations, including torture, unfair trials and even
execution.

The Chinese authorities have been mounting a crackdown on the “three
evil forces” of “separatist, terrorist and religious extremists” in the
XUAR. It has resulted in serious and widespread human rights violations
directed against the region’s Uighur community, prompting many of them
to flee the country. Many of those who leave go to Central Asia. The
plight of Uighurs asylum seekers in Central Asia has, however, worsened
as these countries have strengthened their economic, military and
political cooperation with China through the Shanghai Cooperation
Organization (SCO). In June this year, just prior to the SCO Council of
Heads of State meeting in Shanghai and the extradition of Husein
Dzhelil to China, the Chinese and Uzbek leaders reaffirmed that
cracking down on the so-called "three evil forces", including “ East
Turkestan forces”, is the common interest of China and Uzbekistan.

The death penalty is used extensively and often arbitrarily in China.
Based on public reports available, Amnesty International estimated that
at least 1,770 people were executed and 3,900 sentenced to death in
2005. The true figures, which are classified as a “state secret”, are
believed to be much higher. A Chinese legal expert was recently quoted
as stating that approximately 8,000 executions are carried out in China
each year. Over recent years, Amnesty International has documented
several case of Uighurs being sentenced to death and executed in the
XUAR for alleged “separatist” or “terrorist” activities.

RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send fresh appeals urgently

- urging the authorities to stay the execution of Husein Dzhelil
immediately;
- calling on the authorities to provide full information about his
whereabouts and state of health;
- expressing deep concern that Husein Dzhelil appears to have been
convicted and sentenced to death after an unfair trial;
- urging the authorities to conduct a full and open review of the
evidence and legal procedures used to convict and sentence Husein
Dzhelil, and based on the outcome of that review, to either retry
Husein Dzhelil in full accordance with international fair trial
standards, or release him immediately and unconditionally,
- reminding the authorities that Husein Dzhelil is a Canadian citizen
and urging that he be given access to Canadian consular officials in
China while he remains in detention.

APPEALS TO:

Prime Minister of the People's Republic of China:

WEN Jiabao Guojia Zongli
The State Council
9 Xihuangcheng Genbeijie
Beijingshi 100032
People's Republic of China
Fax: 011 86 10 65292345 (c/o Ministry of Communication)
Email: gazette@mail.gov.cn
Salutation: Your Excellency

Chairman of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Regional People's Government:

Ismail TILIWALDI Zhuxi
Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu Renmin Zhengfu
2 Zhongshanlu
Wulumuqishi 830041
Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu
People's Republic of China
Email: master@xinjiang.gov.cn
Salutation: Dear Chairman

President of the Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of
China:

XIAO Yang Yuanzhang
Supreme People’s Court
27 Dongjiao Minxiang
Beijingshi 100006
People's Republic of China
Fax: 011 86 10 65292345
Salutation: Dear President

COPIES TO:

His Excellency LU Shumin
Ambassador for the People's Republic of China
515 St. Patrick Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 5H3
Fax: (613) 789-1911

Secretary of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Regional Party Committee:

WANG Lequan Shuji
Zhonggong Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu Weiyuanhui
2 Jiankanglu
Wulumuqishi
Xinjiang Weiwuer Zizhiqu
People's Republic of China

Please respond before August 10 if possible, although appeals received
after that date could still be useful.

http://www.amnesty.ca/take_action/actions/china_celil.php