PDA

View Full Version : East Turkestan: Religious Freedom in East Turkestan



Unregistered
02-06-06, 10:17
02-06-2006
East Turkestan: Religious Freedom in East Turkestan
The Uyghurs of East Turkestan, also known with its colonial name Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, continue to be a target of systematic religious intolerance and discrimination of the Chinese authorities for the last 55 years.
After occupying East Turkestan in 1949, under the pretext of “socio-economic reform”, 96.9 percent of Uyghurs were driven into 30,000 communes in order to destroy their traditional Islamic family bonds.

Under the pretext of “cultural reform” the traditional Arabic script, which the Uyghurs were using for more than thousand years, was eliminated and instead, Latin alphabet was adopted to suit the Chinese phonetics.

Under the pretext of “remnants of the past”, only in the city of Urumchi 370,000 copies of Koran were destroyed.

Under the pretext of “unification of national education”, all religious schools were banned and the Uyghur children were transferred to other primary schools where Marxism, Leninism and Maoism were taught.

Under the pretext that “attendance of prayers hindered production”, Uyghurs were prohibited from fulfilling their religious duties.

Throughout East Turkestan more than 29,000 mosques were closed and turned into barracks, stables, and slaughter houses.

More than 54,000 priests were arrested, tortured, used for forced labor or cleaning sewers.

At present, there are no private religious schools in East Turkestan and private religious instruction is banned. In official religious schools religion is taught only as a negative example with Marxist explanation of correct attitude.

Today there is a shortage of priests, Koran and building of new mosques is prohibited.

Today, the Muslims in East Turkestan do not have even one Islamic publication in their language.

Pilgrimage to Mekkah continued to be restricted by the Chinese authorities.

Since January 2006, the Chinese authorities have banned government officials, state employees, Party members, youth under the age of 18 and in some cases women from entering mosques.

Fasting in the month of Ramadan is also prohibited for the same group of people.

China’s religious intolerance and discrimination against the Uyghurs is also well documented in a 114 page report released by Human Rights Watch and Human Rights Watch in China last year.

The reason for the particularly severe attack by the Chinese authorities on Islam is that it is regarded as a major shield to the Chinese Communist Party’s policy of assimilating the Uyghurs of East Turkestan. The Chinese authorities believe that before eliminating the belief they cannot assimilate the Uyghurs in order to realise their age-old policy of “Da-Han-Cu-I” meaning to create a “One single great Chinese nation”.

Uyghurs who are opposing this policy are arrested, tortured and even executed after being branded as “seperatists”, “religious extremists” or “terrorists”.

Despite concerns expressed by the international community, the Chinese authorities are continuing to use the war against international terrorism as an excuse to launch massive crackdown on Uyghurs.

As a result of the current policies of the Chinese authorities, the Uyghurs remain in a very hopeless, desperate and frustrated situation. This frustration can lead to grave consequences for all concerned, particularly the Uyghurs, because the Uyghur youth is growing up without being able to learn the essence of their religion. A well-known Uyghur religious leader in Central Asia recently said: “…If a Muslim would know the essence of his religion very well, he could never become a tool of international terrorists because well-informed people can make more responsible judgements about their own and world affairs, while ignorant people can be easily manipulated in directions threatening peace as a whole.”

We should not forget the fact that East Turkestan has common borders with countries such as Kashmir and Afghanistan where fierce violence is taking place. This violence could fuel the rising tensions in East Turkestan.

(*) Former journalist with Radio Free Europe and Former General Secretary of the UNPO (Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)

oguzhan
02-06-06, 15:21
Esteemed Friends,

if the self appointed leaders,
or leaders through inheritance

in the global Uygur community

make such claims of destruction or misuse of mosques
than they are responsible to supply their claims
with supporting data ;

photographs and historical records of the existence of their claimed subject matter.


When I visited Uygur region in 1999,2000,2002

I tried to document Islamic architecture in PR China and XUAR on video film,

from Urumchi to Khotan.


Actually those days they were tearing Tatar Mesjid down,
and I was able to record the TAM MESH (central heating through the walls)system,and honestly speaking it was sad to observe that the mosque to be built in the old one's place did not resemble the original Tatar Mesjid,

the same fate was shared by Ak Mesjid which was also undergoing such changes .........

What was worse was the tearing down of Tungan Mosques
on the street paralel to Ak Mesjid,

there were more than 5 Tungan Mosques demolished,
and all the beautifully decorated wooden columns

ended up at kebap sellers' heat supply !!!!!!!!!!

My original idea in filming the mosques was to accumulate data
for researchers and historians of architecture,
and libraries of universities etc....

In the Urumchi bookstores I could not find satiating published material
on the religious architecture of the Uygurs,

there was one really good book by a Chinese researcher
Traditional Architecture in Xinjiang,
which costed 500 Yuan!!!!!!! in 1999,

a lot of money considering it equalled a month's salary over there,
I waited 3 years to be able to buy the expensive book,

although it was in Chinese (which I do not know YET)
I thought it was academically prepared,
and a must for future potential researchers in the western world.


I had also recorded interviews with the director of Xinjiang Islamic Institute
and some people in Beijing Islamic Centre,
and recorded Islamic calligraphy and artists among the Uygurs and Tungans,

(Matter of fact I was instrumental in bringing Niyazi Kerim to Washington DC
in 2002 as an Uygur calligrapher,and the Khotanese papermaker
for the 36th Folklife Festival organized by Smithsonian Institution)


In Boston when I visited Aga Khan Library I looked into their archives
for Islamic Architecture in XUAR,
to find out that I had accomplished a minor feat by recording the mosques in XUAR because the library did not have sufficient documents on the topic.

I also bought a book on the Mosques of XUAR in Urumchi
printed in 3 languages : Uygur/Chinese/English


To cut a long story short,

if Uygur leaders make grand accusations in International conferences,
they need to support their claims with photographic and historically recorded evidence,or else the claim just floats in the air,
creating a mistrust and causing loss to their claims' credibility !!!!!


Now they are responsible to supply us with more detailed facts,

addresses of the mentioned mosques,the date of construction,
the name of the architect and the craftsmen who did supplementary work in the named mosques etc etc

29000 mosques !!!!!!!!!

if the claims are true .........

is sufficient reason to raise the world upto their feet,
especially UNESCO and their world cultural heritage protection programme


(by the way the Chinese have also wiped out their own culture
in Beijing when they were demolishing old living quarters
to do some make up for the oncoming olympic games,

which is another good reason to protest,
because after all ,

all the old and ancient remnants are property of mankind's
accumulated global culture,

no matter by which nationality they were originally created)


So ,let us please have a list of the 29000 mosques on the internet,
for the sake of world architectural heritage,

and future researchers of Architectural History,


AND PLEASE DO NOT WORRY

BECAUSE IF YOU ARE BELIEVERS OF ALLAH

EVERYTHING THAT IS HAPPENING
BE IT GOOD OR BAD

IS TAKING PLACE THROUGH ALLAH'S WILL,


IN THE AMENTU PRAYER,

BIL KADERI HAYRIHI VE XERRIHI
MIN ALLAHU TAALA............


One cannot help but ask ;

if the Uygur leader was so concerned about the faith of the Uygurs,

what have they done in Germany in the past 40 years
with all the accumulated donations and money

collected for Uygur cause;


how many mosques or mesjids were they able to construct in Germany
for the Uygurs and other moslems,

if they let us know how many million dollars were collected,
we can supply the calculations of mosques and religious education centers

which could have been built with the capital they were responsible to manage,

least of all,if they were so concerned about the Uygur peoples faith

why did not they have the honour of having Buhari's Hadis collection translated into the German language,

Mehmet Salih Hacim director of Xinjiang Islamic Institute
had translated these works from Arabic into Uygur language.


LAST WORD:

UYGUR PROVERB ABOUT TAILORS
CAN BE A GUIDING LIGHT
FOR PEOPLE WHO APPEAR IN FRONT OF BIG AUDIENCES:

A TAILOR MEASURES 8 TIMES
BUT CUTS
ONCE...................


my intentions were not to criticise any particular person,
but an invitation to seriousness,and academical systematic foundations
for any international announcements,

exaggeration could be a sin,
if it not reflecting the truth,

and if the truth is bent
then the source lose the faith of followers.


with the rising importance of Central Asia in the world,
we need to be more careful.

cordially,
oguzhan

Unregistered
02-06-06, 17:03
Rast gepni qilsam bu nerse yaki sheirgha yaki maqalige oxshimaydiken. In'giliz yeziqiningmu ozige layiq yezilish qaidisi bolidu. U qaidini bilmigen, chushenmigen adem u yeziqta bir nerse yezip aware bolmighini yaxshi. Bundaq yezish uslubida yezish In'giliz til-yeziqighimu qilin'ghan haqaret. Ozingizni we bashqilarni qiynighiche bashlan'ghuch yeziqchiliq qaidisini ogunup kelip andin bir nerse yazsingiz bolmamdu? Sizning Niyaz Kerim we Xotenlik qeghezchini Amerikigha elip kelishte intayin muhim (instrumental) rol oynighanliqingizgha ademning ishen'gusi kelmeydiken. Hemme ishning ozige yarisha qaide-yosuni bolidu. Qachanmu birer ishni qilghanda, ilmi, qaide yosuni boyiche qilishni oguneleymizkin?

oguzhan
03-06-06, 08:50
whoever you may be,
it is irrelevant.

what you think of my deeds,
it is your own thoughts,
but does not change the realities.

(but you can check the Smithsonian Institution
to verify my claim,
or buy 2003 summer issue of Handpapermaking Journal
to read my article on Khotan Paper,

or contact IRCICA -International Research Centre for Islamic Art History and Culture,find the Bulletin no66,
where my conference/exhibition/projects on Khotan paper
has been announced to 56 member Islamic nations

2002 October in Isfahan at International Seminar for Islamic Arts and Crafts

................)

Ignorance is bliss!!!!!!!!!!!

and you seem to like to show yours




we have had our formal schooling
in the English language
almost 40 years ago,

probably you were not even around !!!!
and we do not have to suffocate
within the rules of this language
like a newcomer -which happens to be yourself.

This is a new technique of expression,
to ease digestion and help comprehension
of the aimed subject matter.


Our concern is about a claim,
which is presented without any tangible proof;

so if you are not in a position
to clarify and supply the essential data,

then you are not the addressed person,

please think,
before you speak.............

like the Uygur tailor,
measure what you have to say,

and do not vomit nonsense.


May Allah help you,

to achieve some wisdom,

dry learning limits you ,
application through intellect

shows us how much you have captured
in your not so big MEDULLA OBLONGATA (next to your brain mass)

hope to see your great contribution
not only to Uygurs

but mankind in general,

because that is what we are trying to do,


if you speak of rules,
I suggest you read some Amy Vanderbilt

which will enable you shape your conduct
in rules of etiquette.

how I wish you did not hurry to reply,
and I did not have to write ,


but you itch a lot,

and in Xinjiang the Uygurs say

CRACK YOUR FLEAS
AND EAT'EM!!!!!!!!!!!

OGUZHAN

Unregistered
03-06-06, 13:36
I
still
can
not
understand
it
:-)


whoever you may be,
it is irrelevant.

what you think of my deeds,
it is your own thoughts,
but does not change the realities.

(but you can check the Smithsonian Institution
to verify my claim,
or buy 2003 summer issue of Handpapermaking Journal
to read my article on Khotan Paper,

or contact IRCICA -International Research Centre for Islamic Art History and Culture,find the Bulletin no66,
where my conference/exhibition/projects on Khotan paper
has been announced to 56 member Islamic nations

2002 October in Isfahan at International Seminar for Islamic Arts and Crafts

................)

Ignorance is bliss!!!!!!!!!!!

and you seem to like to show yours




we have had our formal schooling
in the English language
almost 40 years ago,

probably you were not even around !!!!
and we do not have to suffocate
within the rules of this language
like a newcomer -which happens to be yourself.

This is a new technique of expression,
to ease digestion and help comprehension
of the aimed subject matter.


Our concern is about a claim,
which is presented without any tangible proof;

so if you are not in a position
to clarify and supply the essential data,

then you are not the addressed person,

please think,
before you speak.............

like the Uygur tailor,
measure what you have to say,

and do not vomit nonsense.


May Allah help you,

to achieve some wisdom,

dry learning limits you ,
application through intellect

shows us how much you have captured
in your not so big MEDULLA OBLONGATA (next to your brain mass)

hope to see your great contribution
not only to Uygurs

but mankind in general,

because that is what we are trying to do,


if you speak of rules,
I suggest you read some Amy Vanderbilt

which will enable you shape your conduct
in rules of etiquette.

how I wish you did not hurry to reply,
and I did not have to write ,


but you itch a lot,

and in Xinjiang the Uygurs say

CRACK YOUR FLEAS
AND EAT'EM!!!!!!!!!!!

OGUZHAN