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KARAMAY
21-12-14, 12:14
More than half a century since China started pumping oil in its arrid west, tensions continue to rise over inequality and ethnicity in Karamay, which is now one of the countries wealthiest cities. Video by Jonah M. Kessel on Publish Date December 20,

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/21/world/asia/china-invests-in-xinjiang-region-rich-in-oil-coal-and-also-strife.html?action=click&contentCollection=Asia%20Pacific&region=Footer&module=MoreInSection&pgtype=article





12/21/2014 China Invests in Region Rich in Oil, Coal and Also Strife * NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/21/world/asia/china*invests*in*xinjiang*region*rich*in*oil*coal* and*also*strife.html?action=click&contentCollection=Asia%20… 1/4
http://nyti.ms/1AH6qom
ASIA PACIFIC
China Invests in Region Rich in Oil, Coal and Also
Strife
By EDWARD WONG DEC. 20, 2014
KARAMAY, China — In a desolate park on the city outskirts here, oil bubbling
from the ground fills small pools next to a wooden walkway. By one pool is a
statue of a bearded ethnic Uighur man sitting on a donkey, playing a lute.
The symbolism is telling. China is ramping up energy production here,
turning the northwestern Xinjiang region into a national hub for oil, gas and
coal, while the increasingly marginalized Uighur people are memorialized in
what appears to be a bronze homage to a romantic past.
China is investing more than ever in the vast, resource*rich Xinjiang
region with the aim of bolstering oil extraction and refining, coal production,
power generation, and natural gas production and transport. That is
happening despite soaring ethnic violence. In deserts once traversed by Silk
Road camel caravans, sands are now crisscrossed with pipelines and highvoltage
wires.
“Look at how much they’re drilling,” said Lu Weidong, the team leader of
a half*dozen technicians in hard hats and oil*stained red coveralls working one
recent morning on oil pumps in the desert here. “Hundreds of pumps are
being built, and there are hundreds more behind those hills that you can’t see.”
The foundation of Xinjiang’s energy economy is oil. Xinjiang has an
estimated 21 billion tons of oil reserves, a fifth of China’s total, and major new
deposits are still being found. This month, a state*owned oil company
announced its greatest discovery of the year here, a deposit estimated to have
more than one billion tons of oil on the northwestern edge of the Dzungarian12/21/2014 China Invests in Region Rich in Oil, Coal and Also Strife * NYTimes.com
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Basin, not far from Karamay’s fields. Xinjiang is expected to produce 35
million tons of crude oil by 2020, a 23 percent increase over 2012, according
to the Ministry of Land Resources.
Xinjiang also has the country’s largest coal reserves, an estimated 40
percent of the national total, and the largest natural gas reserves. Those three
components form an energy hat trick that China is capitalizing on to power its
cities and industries.
The region will be designated one of China’s five “energy bases” in the
next five*year economic plan, and its economy will be further bolstered by
President Xi Jinping’s vision of a “New Silk Road,” an ambitious plan to
rebuild the ancient trade route into a 21st*century network of transportation
and trade across Xinjiang, Central Asia and Europe.
Government money is flooding in. In May, Beijing said that 53 stateowned
enterprises — from energy to construction to technology companies —
were investing $300 billion in 685 projects in Xinjiang. The State Council,
China’s cabinet, announced in June that the Xinjiang government was
investing $130 billion to build infrastructure such as roads, highways and
railways.
The main state*owned electric utility, the State Grid Corporation of China,
is investing $2.3 billion over the next year to build high*voltage lines,
according to People’s Daily, the main party newspaper. Xinjiang will export
electricity to more populated parts of China and perhaps to Central Asia.
“Xinjiang is where all the growth in oil, gas and coal is going to be coming
from,” said Lin Boqiang, an energy scholar at Xiamen University and adviser
at PetroChina, China’s biggest oil producer. “Second, all the imported
resources from Central Asia, oil and gas, go through Xinjiang and then get
distributed from there.”
Xinjiang produced 25 billion cubic meters of natural gas in 2012, and it
aims to increase that to 44 billion cubic meters next year.
Pipelines already transport natural gas from Central Asia and Xinjiang to
central and eastern China. A new pipeline from Western Siberia is expected to
transport 30 billion cubic meters of gas per year through the Altai Mountains12/21/2014 China Invests in Region Rich in Oil, Coal and Also Strife * NYTimes.com
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to central Xinjiang, where it would connect with domestic east*west pipelines.
Regional officials are also pushing for the creation of a new source of gas:
processing coal to create synthetic gas, which could then be transported east.
A State Council energy plan released in June says Xinjiang will be one of
four sites for pilot projects to convert coal to gas and gasoline. An
experimental coal*to*gas plant is already operating in western Xinjiang, to the
concern of environmentalists, who say the process emits a huge amount of
planet*warming carbon dioxide.
At least 52 others across China are under construction or in the proposal
stage, with nearly half in Xinjiang, according to a count in October by
Greenpeace East Asia.
The plants will help Beijing provide energy for populated parts of eastern
China while moving the pollution*generating sources to the less populated
west. More coal gasification would produce heavier smog in Xinjiang and also
a surge in carbon dioxide emissions.
Mr. Lin, the energy scholar, said a worsening of the environment in
Xinjiang “just can’t be avoided.” He said he was not a supporter of coal
gasification or coal*to*petrol projects for a different reason — the amount of
water the processes require. Like most of northern China, Xinjiang suffers
from an acute water shortage.
Pollution is only one consequence of resource exploitation for the region’s
residents, a plurality of whom are Uighurs, a largely Muslim, Turkic*speaking
population. The region’s energy wealth flows mainly to the state*owned oil
companies in Beijing and to the Communist Party, dominated by ethnic Han.
Last year, Karamay — which means “black oil” in the Uighur language and
where, in 1955, China’s first large oil field was discovered — had the highest
per*capita gross domestic product of mainland Chinese cities.
PetroChina’s refinery here is the company’s most profitable one, said
Zhen Xinping, a senior engineer. It processes six million tons of oil per year.
Despite the oil boom, this town of 400,000 is modest, and some Uighur
neighborhoods are poorer than Han ones. Uighur farmers live in a slum where
homes lack indoor toilets. The oil companies employ some Uighurs, but not12/21/2014 China Invests in Region Rich in Oil, Coal and Also Strife * NYTimes.com
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many.
Many Uighurs say they resent Han rule and the reaping of their
homeland’s resources. Ethnic and class tensions can flare here, as they do
elsewhere in Xinjiang. A fragmented Uighur insurgency is gaining in intensity
across the region, and hundreds of people have died this year in ethnic
violence, domestic terrorism and police shootings.
Over the summer, local officials imposed a rule banning people with
Islamic dress and long beards from boarding public buses and ordered taxi
drivers not to pick them up.
Though the government said it issued the rules in the name of security,
many Uighurs see nothing but discrimination.
“It doesn’t matter if they have beards or veils,” said one teenage girl in the
Uighur farmers’ shantytown at the edge of Karamay. “They’re not bad people.”
The residents say the government will soon demolish the area. The girl
said she would like to stay in the city, though. “Karamay has a lot of oil,” she
said, “so I want to work here.”
Jonah Kessel contributed reporting, and Mia Li contributed research.
A version of this article appears in print on December 21, 2014, on page A8 of the New York edition
with the headline: China Invests in Region Rich in Oil, Coal and Also Strife.
© 2014 The New York Times Company

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21-12-14, 20:45
Karamay ang bay shahar. Bu shaharge 70-80-yilliri janup wa shimaldin ishchi wa hismetchi qobul qilimiz dap hokumet kop hariketlerni qilghan idi. Haqsiz yotkesh, yuquri taminat wa muash, moqum hismet....lar bilan ilhamlandurghan bolsimu u yerge berishni kishiler zawalliqqa mang ghandek biletti. Shundaq qilip Hitay u yerge yaghdi, biz bir ishek ikkiy qoy bilen saqilimizni silap qalduq...