PDA

View Full Version : Hitay ichige qachurilghan Uyghur balilirining serguzeshtiliri



IHTIYARI MUHBIR
12-05-11, 16:15
http://www.uyghurcongress.org/cn/?p=1034 我不想当小偷——内地维吾尔族流浪儿生存调查/凤凰周刊

Towendiki Hitayche maqale yuquridiki DUQning toridin kochurildi.

IHTIYARI MUHBIR : MEKKE





我不想当小偷——内地维吾尔族流浪儿生存调查/凤凰周刊来源:博讯,2011年4月27日

凤凰周刊:我不想当小偷——内地维吾尔族流浪儿生存调查

维吾尔族流浪儿在内地从事偷盗已成为一个日益严重的跨地域性社会问题。他们超过九成是被诱拐离家,在“老大 ”毒打利诱下从事偷盗。因为语言和民族问题,内地警方捉拿他们后,无法取证捉拿背后操纵者,往往只能被迫放 人。在被毒打和畸形的日子里,他们日夜思念着家乡和父母的怀抱,但他们离家时年纪太小,被救助后,多数人不 知道自己的家庭住址和联系方式。

文 记者 邓丽 特约撰稿员 慕札帕·库尔班

一. 艾尼瓦尔回家了

如果不是姐姐强迫他记住奶奶家的电话,10岁的艾尼瓦尔可能永远也找不到妈妈

艾尼瓦尔,维族,新疆喀什叶城人,2岁时,父母离婚,一直跟奶奶生活。正上小学的艾尼瓦尔很懂事,成绩一直 居全班前三名,还被选为班长。

2005年4月27日下午,噩梦降临。一辆出租车停在了放学回家的艾尼瓦尔面前,一中年男子走下来,递给艾 尼瓦尔一块巧克力后一番嘘寒问暖,吃过巧克力的艾尼瓦尔不知不觉上了出租车,随后又被换乘到一辆白色面包车 上。等艾尼瓦尔醒来,已经身在兰州。
随后,艾尼瓦尔被带到离家乡5000多公里的广州。在一处简陋的住所,艾尼瓦尔与另外2个新来的男孩被被严 密看管。那个带他们来的男子,要孩子们称他“老大”。

第二天,“老大”带3个男孩去商场“实习”。这时,艾尼瓦尔才知道自己的工作是“偷盗”。艾尼瓦尔知道这是 违法的,而且安拉也会惩罚小偷。“老大”毫不留情地把不肯当小偷的艾尼瓦尔揍了一顿。

…….
年龄不够刑事责任、偷窃的数额也不够刑罚,会说汉语的也装不会,抓一个孩子,就一堆新疆人闹事,又是民族问 题,多一事不如少一事。一般象征性关几个小时就放了。”一位不愿透露姓名的北京警官抱怨说。

艾尼瓦尔怕的是失手被打。因为公安对维族流浪儿小偷普遍感到棘手,被窃失主往往会迁怒到这些孩子身上。艾尼 瓦尔被失主打过,被“老大”打过。

流血对满身伤痕的艾尼瓦尔已是稀松平常的事。就在前几天,最后一次失手的艾尼瓦尔还被“老大”高高举起,然 后扔在地上。

2006年7月22日中午,艾尼瓦尔再次被抓。与以往被关几个小时便被放走不一样,这一次,他遇见了年轻的 维族警官玉兰江。玉兰江温言询问并给他买吃的、喝的,还像对待弟弟一样把他带回宿舍。艾尼瓦尔求生欲望燃起 ,突然跪在玉兰江面前,请求他送自己回家。

“是艾尼瓦尔?还活着?”奶奶在电话那头哭了出来。

凌晨1点半,艾尼瓦尔的妈妈坐飞机赶到了派出所,见到失散一年多的儿子。

二. 一个孩子5000块

新疆社科院一项报告显示,内地流浪的维吾尔族儿童中超过九成是被诱拐离家的,其中又以南疆为主。新疆救助站 数据显示,2003年1月到05年12月,自治区共从内地接回3660名流浪儿童,九成以上为南疆籍维吾尔 族。
……

新疆社科院民族研究所李晓霞认为,南疆维族聚集区相对较高的离婚率,失业率,人多地少矛盾、极端贫困和基层 组织涣散都是流浪儿童出现的原因。在南疆,集中了新疆绝大部分贫困人口,新疆35个贫困县中南疆就占23个 。

维吾尔人全族信仰伊斯兰,伊斯兰教教义里严禁偷盗。80年代后,出现一些成年小偷离开新疆到内地“发展”, 随后又发展成利用小孩作掩护,成年人偷窃。1988年以后,有人直接组团大量拐卖小孩偷窃,大人在后面操纵 。

“现在伊斯兰教被越来越被年轻的维族人抛弃,他们喝酒,偷盗,传统道德和风俗被败坏得特别厉害。”中央民族 学院教师伊力哈木·土赫提痛心民族文化消解。

……
最令维族流浪儿救助组织痛心的是,被救回来的孩子们大都因年龄太小找不到自己的家。“领回来3个孩子,最小 的3岁,最大的也就8岁,这么小的孩子可能记得家门前有一个卖零食的商店,但是不会记得家庭地址,现在拆迁 得很厉害,哪里找得到什么商店。”阿克苏的这位热心人士也没有办法,只得把孩子送回救助站。

这位志愿者介绍说:“后来孩子都被领养走了,我们也知道是人贩子,他们争着养,还讨价还价,可是不这么办, 谁来管呢?这些孩子都是有价位的,人贩子之间也有联系。很出名、偷得好的孩子可以卖5000块钱,一般的新 手也就1000块。”

三. 求求你们别对孩子下手太狠

收容新疆流浪儿,必须保证清真饮食,无法与孩子沟通,管理起来成为一个巨大难题。遣送成本也过高。语言沟通 困难,也使内地警方明知犯罪也难以取证,无法指认控制者。即使长期内地流浪的孩子,因生活在民族聚居区,除 了把汉族人作为偷盗对象外,很少与汉族人接触,甚至被教唆敌视汉族人,尤其是公安人员,一旦被抓,也往往会 自残来反抗。以至于一些派出所专门请维族民警来处理此类案子,但仍然治标不治本。

最后,很多部门知难而退,不收容新疆儿童,或者一有人认领,马上释放。这样,新疆流浪儿童前脚被派出所抓进 去,后脚放出来继续偷东西。他们的老大则在派出所门口等着接他们。
……

“一个维族小孩让人卖到上海当小偷,当了3年,后来让警察送了回来,只要有人一抬手,他就哭,他就躲,手里 拿了一个饼子,半天不吃,放在身上,饿的时候咬一点。警察送他回来,给他买来衣服换的时候,连警察都哭了, 全身上下200多道伤口,一个不到10岁的小孩。那个维族家里也是个几百万的富翁,那家的老人看到小孩成了 那个样子,含着眼泪一句话说不出来,嘴里咬出了血。他最后对警察说,给你们一百万,让我亲手毙了那个人贩子 。”一位新疆汉族网友不断发贴希望内地的反扒小组不要滥用暴力。他希望更多的人去了解那些“新疆小偷”的悲 惨命运。

“求求你们别对这些孩子下手太狠。”他呼吁。

四. 每个孩子都是国家的珍宝

维吾尔在线是第一个关注新疆流浪儿命运的民间网站,网站专门开辟了“关注流浪儿童”板块,一方面消除大家对 “新疆小偷”的误解,一方面呼吁社会各种力量拯救这些孩子。

“他们是最大的受害者。”网站负责人之一塔依汗说,很多维族大学生刚到内地读书时,就因为小偷问题,经常被 人误解歧视。

……

“我是汉族,我是河南安阳的。我是反扒队员。我是教育工作者。我爱新疆,我们同是中国人。为了民族团结,为 了新疆流浪儿童,我愿付出我的一切,甚至生命。为了这些孩子的明天,让我们携手努力!请联系我”,佳泉在维 吾尔在线的签名让很多人动容,但是1年前,他跟对维族小偷恨之入骨的市民没有两样。

佳泉说,自己过去也骂警察干什么吃的,满大街都是小偷,现在能理解他们一些了,不过,越不处理就会越难处理 。警察不愿意送,收容中心不愿意收,总说经费啊,吃饭麻烦啊,不好管理啊,最后也只好请维吾尔在线的朋友当 翻译,帮助找孩子的家长。

现在只要知道孩子是被拐骗的,佳泉和他的团队就会把孩子送到救助站,然后通知维吾尔在线的朋友帮忙,或与当 地110联系。

佳泉希望全国反扒队伍和新疆热心维族同胞一起,组织一个救助新疆流浪儿童的网络。一发现被拐骗的孩子就把信 息反馈给新疆维族方面,让他们寻找孩子家人,最好再负责接送孩子。他还希望政府搞个基金会,来救助这些孩子 ,希望媒体报道,全社会都来关注这些孩子的命运。

五. 拯救努尔古丽

小女孩努尔古丽,12岁,被拐卖一年,对她来说,不仅是365个噩梦,有的可能是埋在心底一生的屈辱。20 07年年初,命运给她安排了一个逃脱悲惨的机会——在佳泉最近组织的一次反扒行动中,她被抓住。

……

教育工作者伊力哈木温言与努尔古丽谈心。刚开始,小女孩不住地哭泣,什么都不肯说。

“现在法律改了,10岁、12岁偷东西也要坐牢的,再说,你以后怎么嫁人啊?” 伊力哈木哄她说出真相。

“你是不是穆斯林?”看到小女孩有些松动,伊力哈木趁热打铁。

“是。”小女孩对本族人也很恐惧,语气怯怯。

“你不担心安拉惩罚你?” 伊力哈木知道信仰在维族人心中的力量。

“害怕。”小女孩正慢慢地被说服

“他们(人贩子)有没有摸你?” 伊力哈木忍住愤怒,他知道很多流浪的小女孩都受到过性虐待。

“摸了,叔叔跟我睡觉”,对12岁的小女孩来说,这段经历将会是她一辈子的梦魇。

“努尔古丽被人强暴过,而且不止一个人”,通完电话,伊力哈木掩饰不住愤怒,他对佳泉说,“绝对不能再放她 回去了”。

……

随后,十几个新疆人把安阳刑警队的门堵了,又哭又闹,他们说是努尔古丽的亲人,要求放人。找不到孩子的家人 ,迫于无奈,警察也只好开了证明,放人。尽管佳泉们反复希望救助站再等等,但最后救助站顶不下去,努尔古丽 又被人贩子带走了。

伊力哈木获悉后,再次请阿克苏公安局的朋友帮忙。但是,在紧张奔忙三天一无所获后,这位朋友致电伊力哈木: “就这样吧,大家都有了交代,阿克苏公安没有经费,也没有责任接孩子,而且,我们根本就怀疑是她继父把她给 卖了。”

艾尼瓦尔回到了家,努尔古丽不被继父容纳,更多的孩子压根找不到家。

古兰丹姆,女,新疆喀什人,12岁。桂林反扒组织在执行任务中抓获,交给当地警方。照片中,小姑娘穿着廉价 ,脏兮兮的衣服,睁着恐惧和哀怨的大眼睛。她告诉警察,自己和其他5个小孩一起从新疆拐到了桂林,被逼扒窃 。小姑娘请求警察把自己送回家,但她不记得家庭地址,也不知道家人联系方式。按惯例,无法联系家人,警察放 走了古兰丹姆。小女孩被等在派出所外面的“老大”接走,再次上街扒窃,被抓,然后又被放走。

新疆救助管理站曾对93名新疆流浪儿童进行调查,发现无父或无母、甚至父母都不在的残缺家庭占17%,还有 1/4的家庭是因父母离婚或一方去世而重组家庭。他们即使被解救也可能因为没人照顾而重新流浪——除了偷盗,没 有任何生存技能,抓一次,放一次,成年以后,他将成为这个行业的小头目,甚至老大,带着另一群未成年人偷盗 ,由被害者变成害人者。

“我想回家,可是找不到回家的路。” _(博讯自由发稿区发稿) (博讯 boxun.com)

http://boxun.com/news/gb/china/2011/04/201104270727.shtml

Unregistered
12-05-11, 16:18
Hanimka,
nimishke washingtonga kelip shu mesilini mejliste otturiga koymudula? Belet setilip ketip, ayrupilan yoli bozulup kaptikenma?

Unregistered
12-05-11, 20:03
Phoenix weekly: I don't want to be a thief--survey of Uygur street children living in the Mainland
Uygur street children engage in theft in the Mainland has become a growing problem of cross-regional community. They more than 90% was abducted from home, in the "boss" beaten under the carrot in the theft. Because the language and ethnic problems, after the Mainland Police arrest them, not forensics manipulators behind the arrest, often will be forced to release. In the days of being beaten and Club, they thought their hometown and parents arms day and night, but was too young when they leave home, after the rescue, most people don't know their home address and contact information.
Reporter Deng Li contributing writer Mu PA·kuerban
I. aniwar home
If not sister forced him to remember Grandma home phone, 10 aniwar may not always find a mother
Aniwar, Uighur, Xinjiang Kashi ye Cheng who, at the age of 2, parents divorce, has been with Grandma lives. Aniwar primary school on a sensible, scores have been the top three in the class, was also selected as the monitor.
The afternoon of April 27, 2005, nightmares come. A taxi parked in front of the home from school aniwar, a middle-aged man walking down, handed aniwar be solicitous about SB. 's health after a piece of chocolate, eat chocolate aniwar unconsciously on the taxi, then was on the transfer to a white van. Aniwar woke up, had in Lanzhou.
Subsequently, aniwar was taken to a home away from home more than 5,000 kilometers of Guangzhou. In a crude shelter, aniwar and another 2 new boy was was the night. That took them to the man, asked the children called him "boss".
The next day, "boss" with 3 boys go to the Mall "practice". At this point, aniwar knew his work was "stolen". Aniwar knew this was illegal, and Allah will punish the thief. "Boss" in spades when thieves aniwar refused to hit a good meal.
…….
Age of criminal responsibility, the amount is not enough to steal enough penalty and say that the Chinese were also not, grab a child, just a bunch of people making trouble in Xinjiang and national problems, much less a matter. General symbolic closed a few hours. "The police officer complained of Beijing who asked not to be named.
Aniwar fear was dropped was beaten. For public security on Uighur street children the thief generally feel difficult, stolen the owner tends to vent their anger to the child. Aniwar was called by the owner, "boss" called.
Bled to aniwar of covered injuries are quite common thing. Just a few days ago, last dropped aniwar was also "boss" raised high, and then thrown to the ground.
At noon on July 22, 2006, aniwar was caught again. Being held in the past few hours being let go are different, this time, he met a young Uighur officers yulanjiang. Magnolia Jiang Wenyan asking and to buy him food, drink, also like his brother brought him back to the hostel. Aniwar desires to live burst suddenly knelt in front of the Magnolia River, asking him to take their home.
"Be aniwar? Still alive? "Grandma down the phone cried out.
1:30 A.M., aniwar mother planes arrived at the police station, see son of separated more than a year.
II. a child 5,000 blocks
Xinjiang Academy of social sciences, according to a report, stray more than 90% of Uighur children from the Mainland was abducted from home, which was dominated by Southern. Rescue station in Xinjiang data show that from January 2003 to December 05, the regional total of 3,660 street children back from the Mainland, 90% above for southern Xinjiang Uygur nationality.
……
Xinjiang Academy of social sciences's Institute of Ethnology Li Xiaoxia believed that Xinjiang Uighur place relatively high divorce rate, the unemployment rate, has a large population and little contradictions, extreme poverty and grass-roots organizations and lax is the cause of street children. In southern Xinjiang, centralizing most of the poor population in Xinjiang, Xinjiang in 35 counties in the southern Xinjiang accounted for 23.
Ethnic Uighurs Islamic belief, theft is strictly prohibited in the teachings of Islam. After the 80 's, there have been some adult thief from Xinjiang to the Mainland "development", followed by the development into the use of children as human shields, adults steal. After 1988, directly formed a large number of trafficked children to steal, the adults behind manipulating.
"Islam is now increasingly abandoned by young Uighurs, they drink, steal, traditional morals and customs were so badly tarnished. "Central Institute for nationalities teachers yilihamu·tuheti painful digestion of national culture.
……
Uighur street children rescue organization most saddening is that was put back most of the children is too small to find their home. "Back to 3 children, minimum 3, maximum is 8 years old, so small children may recall that door with a store that sells snacks, but will not remember the home address, demolition was badly now, where to find what the shop. "Akzo the individuals there is no way, had to send their children back to the aid station.
The volunteers said: "the later children were adopted, we also know is human traffickers, they compete and bargain, but does not do that, so who to tube? The children are all priced, traffickers also have contact. Famous, stealing well children can sell 5,000 dollars, General novice is 1000. ”
III. mercy not to target children too
Asylum street children in Xinjiang, must ensure that the halal food, cannot communicate with the children, manage to become a huge problem. Removal costs are too high. Language and communication difficulties, also made it difficult for mainland police know crime is also evidence, cannot be identified in control. Even if the term vagrant children in the Mainland, because of living in minority areas, in addition to the Han Chinese as the theft of objects, very few contacts with Han, Han even abetting hostility, particularly public security officers, once caught, also tends to self-mutilation to revolt. That some police stations specifically requested the Uighur civilian police to deal with such cases, but still a stopgap.
Finally, many departments to discourage, not accommodating children in Xinjiang, or a claim, immediately released. In this way, street children front foot was caught by police station in Xinjiang, rear foot out to continue stealing. Their boss is waiting at the gate of the station to meet them.
……
"Let people sell to Shanghai when a Uighur children thief, when 3 years, then was sent back by the police, as long as people taishou, he cries, he hid, a pancake in hand, half a day without eating, placed in the body, hungry bite. Police sent him back to when he bought clothes for, even the police are crying, wounds of body more than 200 multi-channel, a child of less than 10 years old. The Uighur House is also a millions of billionaires, that see children became the way of the elderly, with tears in a word out, bite out of the blood in the mouth. He said to the police at last, to give you 1 million, let me have killed the traffickers. "One in Xinjiang Han users constantly posting anti grilled group hopes the Mainland not to use violence. He wants people to know more about those "Xinjiang thief" sad fate.
"Please don't you too ruthless on the children from becoming victims. "He urged.
IV. every child is a national treasure
Destiny online was the first to focus on street children in Xinjiang Uyghur folk Web site, dedicated opens up concern "street children" section, on the one hand elimination of members of "Xinjiang thief" misunderstanding of, on the one hand calls on social power to save these children.
"They are the biggest victims. "One of the webmaster tayihan said, when many Uighur students had just read in the Mainland, because the thief problem, often misunderstood discrimination.
……
"I am a Han, I am in Anyang, Henan province. I grilled against player. I is for educators. I love Xinjiang, we are Chinese. To national unity, to street children in Xinjiang, I would like to give my all, and even life. To the children of tomorrow, let us work hand in hand! Please contact me, "spring in Uygur online signatures to a lot of people moving, but 1 year ago, he told to the Uighur thief hates people no different.
Spring said that her past called police do eat, full street is a thief, now can understand them, but, the less will be more difficult to deal with. Police do not want to send, shelters are not willing to accept, said funding, eat troubles, bad management, had ended, Uighur online friend as an interpreter to help find children's parents.
Now, just know that the child is abducted by, good spring and his team will be sending their children to the aid station, and then inform the Uygur online friends for help, or contact your local 110.
Grilled spring hope national team and with enthusiastic compatriots in Uighur in Xinjiang, to organize a rescue network for street children in Xinjiang. Discovered by the abduction of children gave feedback to Xinjiang Uighur, let them find child family, BC is responsible for taking the child. He also hoped that the Government engage in a Foundation, to help these children, hoped that media reports, society is concerned about the fate of these children.
V. rescue nuerguli
Little girl nuerguli, 12, abducted a year, for her, not only is 365 nightmare, some can be buried at the bottom of humiliation of a lifetime. In early 2007, fate had arranged for her a chance to escape the tragic--better grilled spring recently organized an anti-during the operation, she was caught.
……
Educator yilihamu Wen Yan and nuerguli talk. First of all, the little girl kept crying, refused to say anything.
"The laws have changed now, stealing 10, 12 years of age have to go to prison, again, how do you marry it? "Yilihamu her to tell the truth.
"Are you Muslim? "See the little girl some loose, yilihamu strike while.
"Is. "Little girl to the ethnic Albanians also fear, given the tone given.
"You don't worry about Allah punish you? "Yilihamu know the power of belief in the minds of Uighurs.
"Afraid. "Little girls are slowly being persuaded
"They (traffickers) have touched you? "Yilihamu hold back angry, he knows a lot of stray little girls have been subjected to sexual abuse.
"Touch, uncle to sleep with me", for little girls, aged 12, and this experience will be the nightmare of her life.
"Nuerguli being raped and more than one person", and off the phone, yilihamu not able to cover up angry, he said to the good spring, "never let her come back anymore."
……
Subsequently, the door of the criminal police in Anyang, a dozen people in Xinjiang in a jam, make a tearful scene, they are said to be relatives of the nuerguli, requested to release. Child's family could not be found, forced, police had to open the proof, to release. Despite better spring repeated hope rescue station, and so on, but the last aid station roof down, nuerguli is away by traffickers.
After yilihamu was informed that, once again requests the friend of Akzo's Public Security Bureau. However, tensions after rushing for three days with nothing, the friends call yilihamu: "well, we have an account, Akzo unfunded public security, there is no responsibility to pick up her child, and we do suspect her stepfather put her to sell. ”
Aniwar returned home, nuerguli not be stepfather hold, more children simply could not get home.
Gulandanmu, female, in Kashgar people, aged 12. Guilin's anti-grilled in the organization in carrying out its mandate, and to local police. In photo, little girls dressed in cheap, dirty clothes, with open and sad eyes of fear. She told the police they turn from Xinjiang and other 5 children to Guilin, was forced to pick. Little girls requested the police to their home, but she does not remember the home address, contact does not know his family. By Convention, unable to contact the family, the police let go of the gulandanmu. The little girl was waiting outside the police station of "boss" was picked up, pickpocketing on the street again, being caught and then being let go.
Rescue station in Xinjiang has to investigate the 93 street children in Xinjiang and found no father or no mother, and even parents are not incomplete families accounted for 17%, also one-fourth family due to divorce or death of a party reorganization family. They even rescued can because no one care Street--in addition to stealing again, there is no survival skills, and, once adult, he will become the industry's young leaders, even the boss, with another group of minor theft, victim becomes victimizer.
"I want to go home, but cannot find the way back home. "_ (Bo free press release) (Bo boxun.com)
http://boxun.com/news/gb/china/2011/04/201104270727.shtml