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29-01-11, 09:23
Nurghun oxshimighan matiryallargha qarighanda,Jallat shengning olturgen uyghurlar sani yaki SHERQIY TURKISTAN din bulap elip ketilgen Teywenge(ALTUN-KUMUSH,QASH TESHI)qimmetlik boyumlarning SANI kerek idi.bildighanlar mushu temida qanche kop bolsa shunche yahshi bir melumat bergen bolsanglar,sizlerdin cheksiz xoshal hem razi bolghan bolattuq rexmet.

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30-01-11, 14:10
Nurghun oxshimighan matiryallargha qarighanda,Jallat shengning olturgen uyghurlar sani yaki SHERQIY TURKISTAN din bulap elip ketilgen Teywenge(ALTUN-KUMUSH,QASH TESHI)qimmetlik boyumlarning SANI kerek idi.bildighanlar mushu temida qanche kop bolsa shunche yahshi bir melumat bergen bolsanglar,sizlerdin cheksiz xoshal hem razi bolghan bolattuq rexmet.

Sheng ShicaiFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search
Sheng Shicai

Sheng Shicai

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Governor of Xinjiang
In office
October 1937 – September 11, 1944
Preceded by Li Yung
Succeeded by Zhang Zhizhong

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Born 1897
Liaoning, Qing dynasty
Died 1970
Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
Nationality Chinese
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Spouse(s) Ch'iu Yü-fang[1]
Children 3
Residence Urumqi
Alma mater Imperial Japanese Army Academy[2]
Profession General

File:Sheng shicai chair.jpg
Sheng Shicai in 1943.Sheng Shicai (Chinese: 盛世才; pinyin: Shèng Shìcái; Wade–Giles: Sheng Shih-ts'ai) (1897–1970) was a Chinese warlord who ruled Xinjiang (Sinkiang) province from April 12, 1933 to August 29, 1944.

Born in Kaiyuan, Liaoning Province, he served under the Guominjun. He was first sent to Xinjiang to work for Governor Jin Shuren in 1930. He repressed the Kumul Rebellion (February 1931 - October 1931) with support from the Soviet Union, but in exchange made several agreements with the USSR that gave it virtual control over the Xinjiang province.

In 1936, after Sheng Shicai expelled 20,000 Kazakhs from Xinjiang to Qinghai, Chinese Muslims led by General Ma Bufang massacred their fellow Muslim Kazakhs, until there were 135 of them left.[3][4]

Sheng launched his own purge in Xinjiang to coincide with Stalin's Great Purge in 1937 during the Xinjiang War (1937). Sheng received assistance from the NKVD, Sheng and the Soviets alleged a massive Trotskyist conspiracy and a "Fascist Trotskyite plot" to destroy the Soviet Union. The Soviet Consul General Garegin Apresoff, General Ma Hushan, Ma Shaowu, Mahmud Sijan, the official leader of the Xinjiang province Huang Han-chang and Hoja-Niyaz were among the 435 alleged conspirators in the plot. Xinjiang became under virtual Soviet control. Stalin opposed the Chinese Communist Party.[5]

At Joseph Stalin's request, Sheng joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) in August 1938 and received Party Card No.1859118 directly from Molotov during his secret visit to Moscow. Sinkiang, under Sheng's rule, was thus a part of China in name only, with every major decision of Sheng's regime cleared through the Soviet Consulate in Tihwa (Chinese: 迪化, today known as Urumqi). During his years as Governor he was anti-minority (anti-Uyghur and anti-Kazakh), and was known for his pervasive use of torture.[citation needed]

In 1942, sensing the Soviet Union's demise, he turned anti-Soviet, expelling Soviet advisors and executing many Han Communists, including Mao Zemin, Mao Zedong's brother, in hopes of securing the backing of the Kuomintang (KMT, Chinese Nationalist Party) for his continued rule. However, when the war swung in favor of the Soviet Union after the Battle of Stalingrad, Sheng attempted to expel the KMT, and requested Soviet aid in a letter to Stalin. Stalin refused to assist Sheng, and sent Sheng's letter to the KMT party leader Chiang Kai-shek as Sheng miscalculated and underestimated the KMT's extent of power. The KMT removed Sheng in August 1944.

He left Xinjiang on September 11, 1944 to join the Kuomintang's Republic of China government as Minister of Agriculture and Forestry. Around 50 trucks accompanied him, loaded with his personal property, "earned" in Sinkiang for 15 years, including gold (est. 1,500 kg) and silver (est.15,000 kg). He fled to Taiwan along with the KMT at the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949. In 1958, he co-authored Sinkiang: Pawn or Pivot with Allen S. Whiting.

Sheng had three children with his wife. One of his daughters was born while he was in Xinjiang.[6]

[edit] References1.^ Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. p. 239. ISBN 0521255147. http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=warlords+and+muslims&source=bl&ots=KzhMe1dpqU&sig=YUq2zwbyUFNCsO5Jnt2RTAKL0rc&hl=en&ei=SdobTNyIEYO8lQfuvYm1Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CBgQ6AEwAQ#v=snippet&q=wife%20of%20sheng%20shih-ts'ai%20followed%20her%20husband%20to%20taiwan&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
2.^ Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. pp. 376. ISBN 0521255147. http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=warlords+and+muslims&source=bl&ots=KzhMe1dpqU&sig=YUq2zwbyUFNCsO5Jnt2RTAKL0rc&hl=en&ei=SdobTNyIEYO8lQfuvYm1Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CBgQ6AEwAQ#v=snippet&q=shikan%20gakko%20japan&f=false. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
3.^ American Academy of Political and Social Science (1951). The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 277. American Academy of Political and Social Science. p. 152. http://books.google.com/books?id=m98sAAAAIAAJ&q=A+group+of+Kazakhs,+originally+numbering+over+20 000+people+when+expelled+from+Sinkiang+by+Sheng+Sh ih-ts'ai+in+1936,+was+reduced,+after+repeated+massacr es+by+their+Chinese+coreligionists+under+Ma+Pu-fang,+to+a+scattered+135+people&dq=A+group+of+Kazakhs,+originally+numbering+over+2 0000+people+when+expelled+from+Sinkiang+by+Sheng+S hih-ts'ai+in+1936,+was+reduced,+after+repeated+massacr es+by+their+Chinese+coreligionists+under+Ma+Pu-fang,+to+a+scattered+135+people&hl=en&ei=B4OnTKDwKMKqlAfJgYmtDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAA. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
4.^ American Academy of Political and Social Science (1951). Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volumes 276-278. American Academy of Political and Social Science. p. 152. http://books.google.com/books?id=NnY5AAAAMAAJ&q=kazakhs+ma+pu-fang&dq=kazakhs+ma+pu-fang&hl=en&ei=qcq0TJbgNMH-8Ab_ts3jCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBw. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
5.^ Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. pp. 376. ISBN 0521255147. http://books.google.com/books?id=IAs9AAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=warlords+and+muslims&source=bl&ots=KzhMe1dpqU&sig=YUq2zwbyUFNCsO5Jnt2RTAKL0rc&hl=en&ei=SdobTNyIEYO8lQfuvYm1Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CBgQ6AEwAQ#v=snippet&q=fascist%20trotskyite%20plotters&f=false. Retrieved 2010-12-31.
6.^ Vandivert, William. "Governor Sheng Shih-Tsai (R) sitting with wife and daughter.". LIFE. http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=79ab61d7d3eab67b&q=sheng%20shih-tsai%20source:life&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dsheng%2Bshih-tsai%2Bsource:life%26hl%3Den%26tbs%3Disch:1. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
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[edit] External linksSheng Shicai with his wife and daughter in Xinjiang 1943
Sheng Shicai looking out a window in Xinjiang 1943
[hide]v · d · eWarlord era in early Republic of China (1916–1930)

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Persondata
Name Sheng, Shicai
Alternative names
Short description
Date of birth 1897
Place of birth Liaoning, Qing dynasty
Date of death 1970
Place of death Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheng_Shicai"
Categories: 1897 births | 1970 deaths | People from Tieling | Manchu people | Warlords in Republican China
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