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Unregistered
14-05-09, 01:19
For Immediate Release
May 13, 2009 United States Attorney's Office
Eastern District of Virginia
Contact: (703) 299-3700
Defense Department Official Charged with Espionage Conspiracy


WASHINGTON—A Defense Department official has been charged with conspiracy to communicate classified information to an agent of a foreign government, David Kris, Assistant Attorney General for National Security; Dana J. Boente, Acting U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia; and Arthur M. Cummings, II, Executive Assistant Director of the FBI’s National Security Branch, announced today.

A criminal complaint unsealed today in the Eastern District of Virginia alleges that, from approximately Nov. 2004 to Feb. 11, 2008, James Wilbur Fondren, Jr., while serving as an employee of the Defense Department, unlawfully and knowingly conspired with others to communicate classified information to another person who he had reason to believe was an agent or representative of a foreign government.

Fondren, 62, worked at the Pentagon and is the Deputy Director, Washington Liaison Office, U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM). He has been on administrative leave with pay since mid-February 2008 and has not performed any duties in or for PACOM since that time. This morning, he turned himself in to federal agents. Fondren is expected to have his initial appearance later today in U.S. District Court in Alexandria, Va. If convicted, he faces a maximum five years imprisonment and a $250,000 fine.

“Today’s case is the result of an outstanding long-term counterespionage effort by many agents, analysts and prosecutors that has thus far yielded three convictions,” said David Kris, Assistant Attorney General for National Security. “The conduct alleged in this complaint should serve as a warning to others in government who would compromise classified information and betray the trust placed in them by the American people.”

“The allegations in this case are troubling—providing classified information to a foreign agent of the People’s Republic of China is a real and serious threat to our national security,” said Dana J. Boente, Acting U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia. “The U.S. government places considerable trust in those given access to classified information, and we are committed to prosecuting those who abuse that trust.”

“The complaint unsealed today alleges that Mr. Fondren conspired to steal our nation’s secrets for a foreign government, placing his own interests over those of the citizens he served as a U.S. government employee,” said Executive Assistant Director Arthur M. Cummings, II, FBI National Security Branch. “These charges are the result of the investigative efforts of the FBI’s Washington Field Office, with the invaluable assistance of the Air Force Office of Special Investigations. Espionage is a profoundly serious crime, and the FBI will continue to work with our law enforcement and intelligence community partners to ensure the protection of our nation’s most sensitive information.”

According to an affidavit filed in support of the criminal complaint, Fondren retired from active duty as a Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Air Force in May 1996. In approximately Feb. 1998, he began providing consulting services from his Virginia home. Fondren’s sole client for his business was a friend by the name of Tai Shen Kuo. Kuo was a naturalized U.S. citizen from Taiwan who lived primarily in Louisiana and maintained business interests in the United States and the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Kuo also maintained an office in the PRC.

In August 2001, Fondren became a civilian employee at PACOM at the Pentagon, where he was again granted a security clearance by the government. He held a Top Secret security clearance, worked in a Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility, and had a classified and unclassified computer at his cubicle. Even after he began working at PACOM in 2001, Fondren continued to provide consulting services for Kuo.

Unbeknownst to Fondren, Kuo worked under the direction of a PRC government official. This PRC official provided Kuo with detailed instructions to collect certain documents and information from Fondren and other U.S. government officials, including Gregg William Bergersen, a former Weapons Policy Analyst at the Arlington, Va.-based Defense Security Cooperation Agency in the Defense Department. The PRC official paid Kuo approximately $50,000 for completing those tasks.

Kuo introduced the PRC official to Fondren in approximately March 1999, describing him to Fondren as a political researcher and consultant to the PRC government. Fondren maintained periodic e-mail correspondence with the PRC official until at least March 2001. While Fondren was aware of Kuo’s relationship with the PRC official, he was not aware of the PRC official’s precise status with the PRC government nor of his coded requests to Kuo to obtain information from Fondren.

According to the affidavit, the PRC official instructed Kuo to mislead Fondren into believing that he was providing information to Kuo for Taiwan military officials. Nevertheless, Fondren was aware that Kuo was providing Fondren’s information to an agent of a foreign government, the affidavit alleges.

According to the affidavit, between Nov. 2004 and Feb. 11, 2008, Fondren provided Kuo with certain Defense Department documents and other information, some of which Fondren obtained from classified online systems available to him by virtue of his employment at the Pentagon. Fondren incorporated Defense Department information, including classified information, into “opinion papers” that he sold to Kuo for between $350 and $800 apiece through Fondren’s home-based consulting business. Eight of the “papers” Fondren sold to Kuo contained classified information. Fondren also provided Kuo with sensitive, but unclassified Defense Department publications.

According to the affidavit, Fondren allegedly provided Kuo with a variety of sensitive data, including classified information from a State Department cable, classified information about a PRC military official’s U.S. visit, classified information about a joint U.S.-PRC naval exercise, and classified information regarding U.S.-PRC military meetings. In one instance, Fondren provided Kuo with a draft Defense Department report on the PRC military and stated to Kuo: “This is the report I didn’t want you to talk about over the phone….Let people find out I did that, it will cost me my job.”

On Feb. 11, 2008, Kuo and former Defense Department employee, Gregg William Bergersen, were arrested on espionage charges. On the day of his arrest, Kuo was staying as a guest in Fondren’s Virginia home and had among his possessions a draft, unclassified copy of a Defense Department document entitled “The National Military Strategy of the United States of America 2008.” Fondren was interviewed by the FBI and later admitted that he gave the draft National Military Strategy report to Kuo.

On March 31, 2008, Bergersen pleaded guilty in the Eastern District of Virginia to conspiracy to disclose U.S. national defense information to persons not entitled to receive it. Bergersen admitted that, between March 2007 and February 2008, he provided national defense information to Kuo, much of it pertaining to U.S. military sales to Taiwan and classified as Secret. Bergersen was later sentenced to 57 months in prison.

On May 13, 2008, Kuo pleaded guilty in the Eastern District of Virginia to conspiracy to deliver national defense information to a foreign government, namely the PRC. Kuo admitted that he had cultivated a friendship with Bergersen, bestowing on him gifts, cash payments, dinners, and money for gambling trips to Las Vegas. Kuo admitted that he had obtained national defense information from Bergersen and that he had sent it on to the PRC government official. Kuo was later sentenced to 188 months in prison.

On May 28, 2008, Yu Xin Kang, an accomplice of Kuo from New Orleans who was arrested on the same day as Kuo and Bergersen, pleaded guilty in the Eastern District of Virginia to aiding and abetting an unregistered agent of the PRC. Kang admitted that she assisted Kuo by periodically serving as a conduit for the delivery of information from Kuo to the PRC government official. Kang was later sentenced to 18 months in prison.

This investigation was conducted by the FBI's Washington Field Office. The Air Force Office of Special Investigations (OSI) provided substantial assistance and cooperation throughout the course of the investigation. The prosecution is being handled by Assistant U.S. Attorney Neil Hammerstrom, from the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of Virginia, and Trial Attorney Ryan Fayhee from the Counterespionage Section of the Justice Department’s National Security Division.

The public is reminded that criminal complaints are only charges and not evidence of guilt. A defendant is presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty.

Unregistered
14-05-09, 17:16
For Immediate Release
May 13, 2009 United States Attorney's Office
Eastern District of Virginia
Contact: (703) 299-3700
Defense Department Official Charged with Espionage Conspiracy


WASHINGTON—A Defense Department official has been charged with conspiracy to communicate classified information to an agent of a foreign government, David Kris, Assistant Attorney General for National Security; Dana J. Boente, Acting U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia; and Arthur M. Cummings, II, Executive Assistant Director of the FBI’s National Security Branch, announced today.

A criminal complaint unsealed today in the Eastern District of Virginia alleges that, from approximately Nov. 2004 to Feb. 11, 2008, James Wilbur Fondren, Jr., while serving as an employee of the Defense Department, unlawfully and knowingly conspired with others to communicate classified information to another person who he had reason to believe was an agent or representative of a foreign government.

Fondren, 62, worked at the Pentagon and is the Deputy Director, Washington Liaison Office, U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM). He has been on administrative leave with pay since mid-February 2008 and has not performed any duties in or for PACOM since that time. This morning, he turned himself in to federal agents. Fondren is expected to have his initial appearance later today in U.S. District Court in Alexandria, Va. If convicted, he faces a maximum five years imprisonment and a $250,000 fine.

“Today’s case is the result of an outstanding long-term counterespionage effort by many agents, analysts and prosecutors that has thus far yielded three convictions,” said David Kris, Assistant Attorney General for National Security. “The conduct alleged in this complaint should serve as a warning to others in government who would compromise classified information and betray the trust placed in them by the American people.”

“The allegations in this case are troubling—providing classified information to a foreign agent of the People’s Republic of China is a real and serious threat to our national security,” said Dana J. Boente, Acting U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia. “The U.S. government places considerable trust in those given access to classified information, and we are committed to prosecuting those who abuse that trust.”

“The complaint unsealed today alleges that Mr. Fondren conspired to steal our nation’s secrets for a foreign government, placing his own interests over those of the citizens he served as a U.S. government employee,” said Executive Assistant Director Arthur M. Cummings, II, FBI National Security Branch. “These charges are the result of the investigative efforts of the FBI’s Washington Field Office, with the invaluable assistance of the Air Force Office of Special Investigations. Espionage is a profoundly serious crime, and the FBI will continue to work with our law enforcement and intelligence community partners to ensure the protection of our nation’s most sensitive information.”

According to an affidavit filed in support of the criminal complaint, Fondren retired from active duty as a Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Air Force in May 1996. In approximately Feb. 1998, he began providing consulting services from his Virginia home. Fondren’s sole client for his business was a friend by the name of Tai Shen Kuo. Kuo was a naturalized U.S. citizen from Taiwan who lived primarily in Louisiana and maintained business interests in the United States and the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Kuo also maintained an office in the PRC.

In August 2001, Fondren became a civilian employee at PACOM at the Pentagon, where he was again granted a security clearance by the government. He held a Top Secret security clearance, worked in a Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility, and had a classified and unclassified computer at his cubicle. Even after he began working at PACOM in 2001, Fondren continued to provide consulting services for Kuo.

Unbeknownst to Fondren, Kuo worked under the direction of a PRC government official. This PRC official provided Kuo with detailed instructions to collect certain documents and information from Fondren and other U.S. government officials, including Gregg William Bergersen, a former Weapons Policy Analyst at the Arlington, Va.-based Defense Security Cooperation Agency in the Defense Department. The PRC official paid Kuo approximately $50,000 for completing those tasks.

Kuo introduced the PRC official to Fondren in approximately March 1999, describing him to Fondren as a political researcher and consultant to the PRC government. Fondren maintained periodic e-mail correspondence with the PRC official until at least March 2001. While Fondren was aware of Kuo’s relationship with the PRC official, he was not aware of the PRC official’s precise status with the PRC government nor of his coded requests to Kuo to obtain information from Fondren.

According to the affidavit, the PRC official instructed Kuo to mislead Fondren into believing that he was providing information to Kuo for Taiwan military officials. Nevertheless, Fondren was aware that Kuo was providing Fondren’s information to an agent of a foreign government, the affidavit alleges.

According to the affidavit, between Nov. 2004 and Feb. 11, 2008, Fondren provided Kuo with certain Defense Department documents and other information, some of which Fondren obtained from classified online systems available to him by virtue of his employment at the Pentagon. Fondren incorporated Defense Department information, including classified information, into “opinion papers” that he sold to Kuo for between $350 and $800 apiece through Fondren’s home-based consulting business. Eight of the “papers” Fondren sold to Kuo contained classified information. Fondren also provided Kuo with sensitive, but unclassified Defense Department publications.

According to the affidavit, Fondren allegedly provided Kuo with a variety of sensitive data, including classified information from a State Department cable, classified information about a PRC military official’s U.S. visit, classified information about a joint U.S.-PRC naval exercise, and classified information regarding U.S.-PRC military meetings. In one instance, Fondren provided Kuo with a draft Defense Department report on the PRC military and stated to Kuo: “This is the report I didn’t want you to talk about over the phone….Let people find out I did that, it will cost me my job.”

On Feb. 11, 2008, Kuo and former Defense Department employee, Gregg William Bergersen, were arrested on espionage charges. On the day of his arrest, Kuo was staying as a guest in Fondren’s Virginia home and had among his possessions a draft, unclassified copy of a Defense Department document entitled “The National Military Strategy of the United States of America 2008.” Fondren was interviewed by the FBI and later admitted that he gave the draft National Military Strategy report to Kuo.

On March 31, 2008, Bergersen pleaded guilty in the Eastern District of Virginia to conspiracy to disclose U.S. national defense information to persons not entitled to receive it. Bergersen admitted that, between March 2007 and February 2008, he provided national defense information to Kuo, much of it pertaining to U.S. military sales to Taiwan and classified as Secret. Bergersen was later sentenced to 57 months in prison.

On May 13, 2008, Kuo pleaded guilty in the Eastern District of Virginia to conspiracy to deliver national defense information to a foreign government, namely the PRC. Kuo admitted that he had cultivated a friendship with Bergersen, bestowing on him gifts, cash payments, dinners, and money for gambling trips to Las Vegas. Kuo admitted that he had obtained national defense information from Bergersen and that he had sent it on to the PRC government official. Kuo was later sentenced to 188 months in prison.

On May 28, 2008, Yu Xin Kang, an accomplice of Kuo from New Orleans who was arrested on the same day as Kuo and Bergersen, pleaded guilty in the Eastern District of Virginia to aiding and abetting an unregistered agent of the PRC. Kang admitted that she assisted Kuo by periodically serving as a conduit for the delivery of information from Kuo to the PRC government official. Kang was later sentenced to 18 months in prison.

This investigation was conducted by the FBI's Washington Field Office. The Air Force Office of Special Investigations (OSI) provided substantial assistance and cooperation throughout the course of the investigation. The prosecution is being handled by Assistant U.S. Attorney Neil Hammerstrom, from the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of Virginia, and Trial Attorney Ryan Fayhee from the Counterespionage Section of the Justice Department’s National Security Division.

The public is reminded that criminal complaints are only charges and not evidence of guilt. A defendant is presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty.




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Basın Bülteni için
13 Mayıs, 2009 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Attorney's Office
Doğu Bölge Virginia
İletişim: (703) 299-3700
Savunma Bakanlığı Resmi Ücretli Casus Conspiracy ile


WASHINGTON-bir Savunma Bakanlığı yetkilisi komplo yabancı bir hükümetin bir ajan için gizli bilgi iletişim suçlanıyor David Kris, Yrd Başsavcı Milli Güvenlik; Dana J. Boente, Oyunculuk US Attorney Doğu Bölge Virginia için; ve Arthur M. Cummings, II, İcra Direktör Yardımcısı FBI Milli Güvenlik Şubesi, bugün duyurdu.

Bir suç şikayet bugün Doğu Bölge Virginia de mühürsüz alleges yani yaklaşık Kasım 2004 Feb 11, 2008, James Wilbur Fondren, Jr, bir Savunma Bakanlığı bir işçi olarak hizmet unlawfully ve bilerek diğerleri ile komplo Kim inanacak bir neden vardı başka bir kişiye gizli bilgi iletişim acente veya yabancı bir hükümet temsilcisi oldu.

Fondren, 62, Pentagon çalıştı ve Müdür Yardımcısı, Washington İrtibat Bürosu, ABD Pasifik Komutanlığı (PACOM) olduğunu. Yılında beri ücretli idari izinli oldu orta Şubat 2008 ve gerçekleştirilemiyor herhangi bir görev veya PACOM için o zamandan beri. Bu sabah, o olarak, federal ajanlar için teslim oldu. Fondren Eğer suçlu Bugün ABD Bölge Mahkemesi'nde İskenderiye, Va yaptığı ilk görünümü sahip olması bekleniyor, bir maksimum beş yıl hapis ve 250.000 $ para cezası var.

"Bugünkü durumda birçok ajanları tarafından uzun kalan terim casusluk çabalarının sonucudur, analistler ve savcıları bugüne kadar üç mahkumiyet verdi ise," David Kris, Yrd Başsavcı Milli Güvenlik dedi. "Bu davranış bu şikayet hükümet başkalarıyla olan gizli bilgileri uzlaşma ve güven onları Amerikan halkı tarafından yerleştirilen ihanet bir uyarı olarak hizmet gerektiğini iddia etti."

Bu durumda "Bu iddiaları troubling-the People's Republic of China bir yabancı aracısına gizli bilgiler sağlanmaktadır ulusal güvenlik için bir gerçek ve ciddi bir tehdit oluşturuyor," Dana J. Boente, Oyunculuk US Attorney Doğu Bölge Virginia dedi. "ABD hükümeti bu gizli bilgileri erişim verilen, ve önemli güven yerlerde kim istismar bu kovuşturma için güven taahhüt ediyoruz."

"Bu şikayet mühürsüz bugün bu Bay Fondren yabancı bir hükümet için milletin sırları çalmak için, bu bir ABD devlet memuru olarak görev vatandaşların üzerinde kendi çıkarları yerleştirerek komplo alleges," İcra Direktör Yardımcısı Arthur M. Cummings, II, şöyle devam etti: FBI Ulusal Güvenlik Şubesi. "Bu masraflar FBI's Washington Field Office soruşturma çalışmalarının sonucunda, Hava Kuvvetleri Özel Araştırmalar Ofisi of paha biçilmez yardım bulunmaktadır. Casus derece ciddi bir suç ve FBI bizim kolluk ve istihbarat toplum ortakları ile ülkenin en hassas bilgilerin korunması sağlamak için çalışmaya devam edecektir. "

Yeminli ceza şikayet destek eğe göre, Fondren ABD Hava Kuvvetleri bir Yarbay olarak aktif görev Mayıs 1996 yılında emekli oldu. Yaklaşık Şubat 1998, kendi Virginia evden danışmanlık hizmetleri veren başladı. Onun iş için Fondren tek müşteri, bir arkadaşı Tai Shen Kuo bir isim yaptı. Kuo Tayvan olan öncelikle Louisiana ve ABD'de sürdürülen iş çıkarları ve yaşamış bir naturalized ABD vatandaşı olan People's Republic of China (PRC) ve. Kuo da PRC bir ofis korunur.

Ağustos 2001 yılında, Fondren Pentagon, burada tekrar hükümet tarafından bir güvenlik izni verilen o PACOM bir sivil işçi oldu. O, bir Duyarlı Compartmented Bilgi Tesisi çalıştı, bir çok gizli güvenlik izni düzenlenen ve odacık bir gizli ve gizli olmayan bilgisayar vardı. Sonra o PACOM 2001 yılında çalışmaya başladık, Fondren Kuo için danışmanlık hizmetleri vermeye devam etmiştir.

Fondren için bilinmeyen, Kuo PRC bir hükümet yetkilisi ve yönetiminde çalıştı. Bu PRC resmi ayrıntılı talimatlar ile bazı belge ve Fondren ve diğer Amerikan hükümet yetkilileri, Gregg William Bergersen, the Arlington, Va-Savunma Bölümü Savunma Güvenlik İşbirliği Ajansı tabanlı bir eski Silahlar Politika Analisti dahil olmak üzere bilgi toplamak için Kuo verilmiştir. PRC resmi Kuo yaklaşık 50.000 $ bu görevleri tamamlamak için ödedi.

Kuo Fondren yaklaşık Mart 1999, Fondren bir siyasi araştırmacı PRC hükümetine danışman olarak açıklayan bir PRC resmi tanıttı. Fondren kadar PRC resmi periyodik e-posta yazışmaları muhafaza Mart 2001 at least. Bu Fondren PRC yetkilisi ile Kuo's ilişkinin farkında olduğunu, o Kuo için PRC hükümet ne de onun kodlu istekleri ile PRC resmi's kesin durumunun Fondren bilgi elde etmek için farkında değildi.

Ve yeminli göre PRC resmi saptırmak Fondren that he Kuo için Tayvan askeri yetkililer ile ilgili bilgileri vardı mümin olarak Kuo talimatı. Yine de, Fondren bu Kuo yabancı bir hükümetin bir ajan için Fondren bilgileri vardı farkında olduğunu, bu yeminli alleges.

Bu beyanı için, Kasım 2004 ve 11 Şubat, 2008 tarihleri arasında, Fondren bir kısmı Fondren sınıflandırılmış çevrimiçi sistemleri ona yaptığı çalışma sayesinde Pentagon mevcut alınan bazı Savunma Bakanlığı belgeleri ve diğer bilgileri ile Kuo sağlanan göre. Fondren, görüş kağıtları "haline" olduğunu Kuo arasında 350 $ ve 800 $ için adam başına Fondren ana kadar satılan-danışmanlık iş tabanlı gizli bilgileri de dahil olmak üzere Savunma Bakanlığı bilgi dahil. Sekizi "kağıt" Fondren Kuo bilgileri gizli içerdiği sattı. Fondren da hassas ama gizli olmayan Savunma Bakanlığı yayınları ile Kuo verilmiştir.

Ve yeminli göre Fondren iddia edilen bir Dışişleri Bakanlığı kablosu sınıflandırılmış bilgi de dahil olmak üzere hassas veri, çeşitli ile ortak bir ABD-PRC deniz tatbikatı ve gizli bilgiler ile ilgili gizli bilgiler PRC Amerikan askeri resmi ziyaret ile ilgili gizli bilgileri Kuo sağlanan ABD-PRC askeri toplantılar. Bir durumda, Fondren PRC askeri ve Kuo için belirtilen bir taslak Savunma Bakanlığı raporu Kuo verilmiştir: "Bu sana telefonu hakkında konuşmak istiyorum didn't rapordur .... Insanlar dışarı öyle bulsun bunun bana iş mal olacak. "

Şubat 11, 2008, Kuo ve eski Savunma Bakanlığı çalışanı Açık, Gregg William Bergersen, casusluk suçlamasıyla tutuklandı. Tutuklanmasından bir gün, Kuo Fondren's Virginia evinde misafir olarak kalan ve onun eşyaları arasında bir taslak, bir Savunma Bakanlığı belge "Milli Askeri Strateji ABD 2008 of hakkı ve gizli olmayan kopyası vardı." Fondren röportaj oldu FBI ve daha sonra o Kuo için taslak Milli Askeri Strateji rapor verdi itiraf etti.

31 Mart 2008 tarihinde Bergersen suçlu Doğu Bölge Virginia in komplo kişinin alma hakkına sahip değil ABD milli savunma bilgileri için pleaded. Bergersen ki, Mart 2007 ve Şubat 2008 arasında, o Kuo için, milli savunma bilgilerini kabul kadar ABD askeri satışa Tayvan ile ilgili ve gizli olarak sınıflandırılmış. Bergersen sonra hapishanede 57 ay hapse mahkum oldu.

13 Mayıs 2008 tarihinde Kuo suçlu Doğu Bölge Virginia in komplo bir yabancı hükümete milli savunma bilgi sunmak için pleaded, yani PRC. Kuo onun Bergersen ile dostluk kültür vardı, ona hediye bestowing kabul, nakit ödemeler, yemek, para ve Las Vegas'a geziler kumar. Kuo onun Bergersen ulusal savunma bilgi ve kabul onun üzerinde PRC hükümet yetkilisi için gönderdi. Kuo sonra cezaevinde 188 ay hapse mahkum oldu.

28 Mayıs 2008 tarihinde, Yu Xin Kang, New Orleans kimden Kuo eden Kuo ve Bergersen aynı gün tutuklandı bir suç, suçlu Doğu Bölge Virginia olarak yardım ve PRC ruhsatsız ajan abetting için pleaded. Kang o periyodik PRC hükümetin resmi Kuo bilgi ve dağıtımı için bir kanal olarak hizmet tarafından Kuo yardım kabul etti. Kang sonra cezaevinde 18 ay hapse mahkum oldu.

Bu soruşturma FBI's Washington Alan Ofisi tarafından yapılmıştır. Hava Kuvvetleri Özel Araştırmalar Ofisi (OSI) olarak soruşturma süresince boyunca önemli destek ve işbirliği sağlamıştır. Savcılık Yardımcısı Vekili ABD Neil Hammerstrom tarafından, ABD Attorney's Office of the Doğu Bölge Virginia için ve Deneme Vekili Ryan Fayhee Adalet Bakanlığı Ulusal Güvenlik Bölümü ve casusluk bölümünde ele ediliyor.

Kamu bu ceza sadece şikayet ücretleri ve suçluluk kanıtı olduğunu hatırlattı olduğunu. Bir sanık masum presumed ve sürece suçlu kanıtlanmış.