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Turdi Ghoja
23-11-08, 19:39
Otkende diginimdek bu yahshi bir maqala iken. Apturi famili ismidin qarighanda Yehudi bolsa kirek.
Turdi
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Menbesi: International Herald Tribune, New York Timesning Helqaraliq Nus'hisi

Solanghuchilarning Enzisi Amerika Uchun bir Ehlaqi Meghlubiyet
Richard Bernstein
Chashenbe, 19-Noyabir, 2008
New York

Mundaq bir tesewwur misal ehlaqi haraktirni olcheydighan asan sinaq bolishi kirek: Misalen sining dowlitingning dairliri bir grupa erlerni qolgha aldi we ularning gunayini dep bermey we ispat korsetmey uzun yilghiche taki ularni dawamliq tutup turishqa asasi yoqlighini itrap qilishqa mejburlanghuche turmide tutup turdi.

Ularni kelgen dewlitige iwetiwitelmeysen chunki ularning dowliti bir diktaturluq dewlet, ularni qiynishi hetta olturwitishi mumkin. U ademlerni alidighan bashqa bir dewlet tepishqa tirishting emma alidighan hech kim chiqmidi. Nime qilishing kirek?

Buning jawabi undaq tes emes bolsa kirek, bolupmu bu yerdiki yene bir pakitqa qarisaq: Bu yerde bezi teshkilat, orunlar ulargha turidighan jay we bashqa jehette yardem beridighanlighini ipadilep otturgha chushti. Ularni eng bashta turmigha salghan kishilerning del uzi u ademlerni bu memliket we helqqe ziyan salmaydu dep qarighan iken ularni turmidin qoyup berip Amerikida yengi bir hayatni bashlashqa yol qoyush, belki yillarche naheq yatqini uchun azraq tulem tolep berish eqqelli bir ehlaqi olchimige uyghun emesmu?

Bush hokimitining Kuba, Guantanamodiki eng ahirqi hel qilish yoli bolghan turmisige solanghan 17 neper Hittay gerejdanining ghelite we kishini biaram qilidighan enzisini men bolsam elwette shundaq hel qilattim, biraq Bush hokimiti bu yolni tallimay aldinqi ayda bir Amerika Rayunluq Sotinining Hittayning gherbi qismidiki az-sanliq millet musulman Uyghurliridin bolghan bu kishilerni derhal Amerikigha qoyup berish kirek digen buyrighigha kuchluk qarshi turmaqta.

Sotning eqilghe sighidighan insanperwer u hokimige boysunishning ornigha Ediliye Ministirining advokatliri u hokimni aghdurishqa tirishmaqta. Bashta ular Erz Soti arqiliq sotchining qoyup berish buyrughini tohtitip qoyish arqiliq u 17 neper Uyghurni Guantanamoda tutup qaldi.

Peyshenber kuni hokimetning qoyup berish buyrighi ustidin qilghan erzisi ustide eghzaki talishish elip berilidu. Gerche sotchi aldinqi aydiki hokim qilish jeryanida tilgha elip otkendek Dewlet Ministirligi aldinqi 4 yil ichide 100 dek dowlet bilen sozliship birmu alidighan dewlet tapalmighan bolsimu Bush hokimiti bu Uyghurlarni ularni aldighan bir dewlet tepilghiche Guantanamoda tutup turimiz dep ching turmaqta.

Eger Amerikining biheterligige bolghan tehditlerni bir terep qilishtiki Guantanamo usulining nuhsansini ashkarlap beridighan bir enze bar bolsa u bolisimu mushu 17 neper Uyghurning enzisi diyishke bolidu. Ularning Amerikining terrorismgha qarshi urishi bilen bolghan tugimess uchrishishi heddidin ziyade kop ishlitilgen Kafkaesque digen sozni koz aldigha kelturidu.

U ademler asasen qumluqlardin terkip tapqan kengri zimin Xinjiang Uyghur Aptunum Rayunidin bolup, bu zimindiki Beijingning hakimiyitining bashqurish usuli insan heqliri teshkilatliri we Amerika Dewlet Ministiri teripidin uzliksiz tenqitlinip kelgen. Amerika hokimitining yilliq dunyawi insan heqlirini tekshurishige asasanlanghanda Uyghurlar eghir iziliwatqan helq, nurghunliri Xinjiangning musteqqilighini qollighini uchun uzun turmige kisilgen yaki olturilgen. Emliyettimu, Amerika Dewlet Ministiri Hittayning terrorismgha qarshi urushni bahna qilip Uyghurlarning tininch halda siyasi koz qarishini ipadilishini eghir halda basturiwatqanlighini jakalighan.

Hazir Amerika qolida tutup turiliwatqan bu 17 neper Uyghurlar 2001- yilning otturlirida Xinjiangdin chiqip kitip Hittay bilen gherpte qisqa bir ortaq chigrisi bolghan Afighanistandiki bir Uyghur kemp (yighilip turidighan lagir) ke kilip turup qalghan 22 neper Uyghurlarning bir qismi. Bularning beziliri miltiq etishtin deslepki sawat chiqarghan hem Afghanistandiki Uyghur musteqilchillirige qetilghan bolishi mumkin. Emma Amerika hokimiti mejburlinip itrap qilghinidek ularning terrorist bolghanlighi, Al Qaeda yaki Taliban bilen herqandaq bir munasiwiti bolghanlighi yaki Amerikigha yaman gherezde bolghanlighini ispatlaydighan hechqandaq bir pakit yoq. 2001-yildiki 11-Sintebir weqesidin kiyin Uyghur kempi Amerika bombisi bilen weyran qilinghanda bu 22 neper Uyghur Pakistangha qachqan. Ularning Amrikiliq advokatlirining diyishiche ular Pakistanliqlar teripidin Amerikigha setilghan.

Yandurqi biken Guantanamo bolghan.

U yerde nechche yilghiche wehshi muamilege uchrap, kop chaghlarda yalghuz kamirgha solinip sirtqi dunyadin we bir-birsidin alaqisi kisiwitilgen eghir shara’itlarni beshidin otkuzup ahiri dushmen jengchisi digen qalpaqtin qutulghan. Shundin kiyin Bush hokimiti ularni alidighan bir dewlet tepishqa mejbur bolghan. Ularning 5 nepiri bir-nechche yil ilgiri Albaniyege barghan, qalghanliri Amerikining ajayip tutami yoq siyasitige gore bolup qalghan.

Bir tereptin Amerika Dewlet Ministiri ularni alidighan dewlet izdigende bu 17 adem hechqandaq jama’et hewpi emes deydu, yene bir tereptin Fedral sotning qoyip berish buyrighini tohtitip qoyish uchun Ediliye Ministirining advukatliri bu Uyghurlar igilik hoqiqigha ige bir dewlet yeni Hittay ustidin terrorliq elip berishni izdigen deydu. Ularning bu qizziq dawlisi boyiche ular bashqa dewletlerge hewp emeskenyu emma Amerikigha hewpken.

“Hokimet aghizining ikkili teripidin sozlewatidu,” didi Insan Heqliri Guzetchisi teshkilatining Washington ishhanisidiki advukat Jennifer Daskal, “Heqiqet shuki eger bu ademler Amerikigha qobul qilinsa ular Bush hokimitining Guantanamo turmisini qurishtiki meghlubiyitini eske selip turidighan konkirit esletkuchi pakit bolup qalidu.”

Hokimetning bu hepte otkizilidighan erz anglash sotigha bergen matiryalida homiketning positsiyesi azraq ozgergendek turidu. U matiryalda u Uyghurlar Amerikigha tehdit bolidu digen sozler eliwitilip uning ornigha Ediliye Ministirining advukatliri hoquq dairsi ustidiki bir nohtigha esiliwalghan, yeni Amerikigha kimni kirguzish qanun organlirining (sotning) hoquq dairside emes belki bijirguchi tarmaq (Hokimet) ning dairsidiki ish. U advukatlarning diyishiche u 17 adem ozlirining biheterligi uchun yene bir dewlet ularni qobul qilghuche Guantanamoda orunlashturuliptimish (oyleshturish digen menisimu bar).

U solanghuchilarning advukatliri bu yerdiki “orunlashturuldi” digen chirayliq sozni meshire qilishtin uzini tutiwalalmay “u ballar Guantanamoda turmige solaghliq, hergiz mertlik bilen orunlashturulghini (oyleshturildi yaki turarghu jaygha orunlashti digen menisi bar) yoq” didi. Uyghurlarning advukatliri hoquq dairsi ustidiki meslide mundaq dep ching turmaqta: “bijirguchi tarmaq (hokimet) hetta uzimu gunasiz dep itrap qilghan ademlerni menggu qamap qoyidighan hoquqqa ige emes.”

Ehlaqi olchemdin elip eyitqanda mana bu gep bu enzining nigizidek qilidu. Buyerde 17 neper insan hette hokimet uzimu Amerikigha hetiri yoq dep qarighan turup heterliq teroristlargha yasalghan bir turmide ozlirining iradisige hilap halda “oyleshturilgen.”

Mushundaq iken, biz uzimizning hatalighigha iqrar bolup bulargha arimizda bir purset berishimiz kirek emesmu?

Unregistered
24-11-08, 08:13
hurmatlik Turdi ependim mumkin bolsa bu maqalining Engilizche nushisini chaplap qoyghan bolsingiz boptiken yaki shu gezitning web adirsi bolsimu bolidu

Unregistered
24-11-08, 10:56
Thank you so much Turdi for translating the articles. Boys in GTMO would also appreciate to read these. Thanks again for your time & effort!

Best,
RA

Unregistered
24-11-08, 19:53
Detainees' case a moral failure for U.S.
11/19/2008 | Uyghur Related

Article Link
By Richard Bernstein
Wednesday, November 19, 2008

NEW YORK:

Here's a situation that ought to be an easy test of moral character: Let's say your country's authorities have arrested a group of men and held them in prison for years without charges and without evidence, until they had to admit that there were no grounds to hold the men further.

You can't send the men back to their own country because it's a dictatorship that would probably torture and execute them if you did.

You try to find some country where the arrested men can go, but you find no takers. What should you do?

That's not very difficult, it would seem, especially in light of a further fact in the case: Some groups right here have come forward, offering lodging and other assistance to the imprisoned men. Since they have been determined by the very people who put them in prison in the first place to pose no danger to the nation or the public, wouldn't it make simple moral sense to release them from prison, allow them to start a new life in the United States, perhaps even pay a bit of compensation for their years of deprivation?

Well, in the strange and disturbing case of 17 Chinese citizens, held in the Bush administration's prison of last resort at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, that would be my choice, but it's not the choice of the Bush administration, which has been strenuously fighting a U.S. District Court order of last month that the men - all members of the Muslim Uighur minority from far western China - should be immediately released in the United States.

Rather than simply obey this sensible and humanitarian ruling, Justice Department lawyers have been fighting it every inch of the way. First they got an appeals court to issue a stay of the judge's release order, which has kept the 17 Uighurs in Guantánamo.

On Thursday, oral arguments will be held in the government's appeal to have the court ruling reversed. The administration wants to keep the 17 Uighurs in Guantánamo, it says, until a country willing to take them can be found - even though, as the judge noted in his ruling last month, some 100 countries have been asked by the State Department to do exactly that during the past four years, and every one of them refused.

If ever there was a case that exposed the faults of the Guantánamo method for dealing with security threats to the United States, it would have to be that of these 17 Chinese men, whose unending encounter with the American war on terror surely evokes the overused word Kafkaesque.

The men are from Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, the vast, mostly desert expanse of territory whose control by Beijing has provoked all sorts of complaints from human rights monitors, and the U.S. State Department. According to the American government's annual global survey of human rights, the Uighurs are a severely oppressed group and many of them have been sentenced to long prison terms or executed for advocating Xinjiang independence.

Indeed, the State Department has averred, China's own war on terror has been used "as a pretext for cracking down harshly on Uighurs expressing peaceful political dissent."

The 17 Uighurs now in American custody were part of a group of 22 Uighurs who left Xinjiang in the middle of 2001, ending up at a Uighur camp in Afghanistan, which shares a short border with westernmost China. Some of the men got rudimentary training in shooting rifles, and they might have joined up with a Uighur independence group in Afghanistan. But, as the American government has been forced to admit, there is no indication that any of them were terrorists, had any connection to Al Qaeda or the Taliban, or harbored any hostile intent toward the United States.

After the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, the Uighur camp was destroyed by American bombers. The 22 men fled to Pakistan, where, according to some of the American lawyers who have been representing them, they were turned over to the U.S. Army by Pakistani bounty hunters.

Next stop, Guantánamo.

There, after several years of brutal treatment, often in solitary confinement, totally cut off from any contact with the outside world or with each other, the men succeeded in having their designation as enemy combatants removed, which is what prompted the Bush administration to try to find a country that would take them. It did so in the case of five of the men, who went to Albania a couple of years ago, but the rest remain caught in what would seem to be a remarkable inconsistency in American policy.

On the one hand, as the State Department has tried to persuade a foreign government to take the men, it makes the argument that the 17 remaining Uighurs pose no danger to public order. On the other hand, in its efforts to get a stay of the federal court's release order, the Justice Department lawyers argued that the Uighurs sought "to commit terrorist acts against a sovereign executive, " namely China. And, somehow, according to this reasoning, while they wouldn't be a danger to any other country, they would be a danger in the United States.

"The administration has been talking out of two sides of its mouth," said Jennifer Daskal, a lawyer at the Washington office of Human Rights Watch. "The truth is," she continued, "that these men if admitted into the U.S. would be a concrete reminder of the administration's failure in setting up Guantánamo in the first place."

In its brief, submitted for the appeals hearing this week, the government's position seems to have shifted a bit. There is no claim anymore that the Uighurs would be a danger to the United States; instead, the Justice Department lawyers have turned to a largely technical jurisdictional matter, saying that it's the executive's prerogative to decide who should be allowed into the United States, not the judiciary's. And so, the Justice Department submission reads, the 17 men are being "housed" in Guantánamo "for their own protection" pending their departure to a country that will take them.

The lawyers for the detainees couldn't resist a bit of mockery aimed at that euphemistic word "housed," saying that the men are being "imprisoned" in Guantánamo, not generously offered housing there. On the more substantive jurisdictional question, the Uighurs' lawyers are arguing, the executive's prerogatives do not give it "a right of indefinite imprisonment" of people that even it has determined to be innocent.

And that, morally speaking, would seem to be the essence of the case. Here are 17 human beings who even the government admits meant no harm to the United States and yet have been involuntarily "housed" for seven years at a place set up for dangerous terrorists.

Under the circumstances, shouldn't we just admit our mistake and give them a new chance in our midst?