PDA

View Full Version : Uyhgur tarihidiki mexhur diplomatlar



Unregistered
18-11-08, 08:00
Rabban Bar Sauma (c. 1220–1294) (pronounced "ruh-BAHN BAR sah-OO-muh"), also known as Rabban Ṣawma or Rabban Çauma,[1] (Chinese:拉賓掃務瑪), was a Turkic/Mongol monk turned diplomat of the Nestorian Christian faith. He is known for embarking on a pilgrimage from China to Jerusalem with one of his students, Rabban Markos. Due to military unrest along the way, they never reached their destination, but instead spent many years in Mongol-controlled Baghdad. Markos was eventually chosen as Nestorian Patriarch, and later suggested his teacher Rabban Bar Sauma be sent on another mission, as Mongol ambassador to Europe. The elderly monk met with many of the European monarchs, as well as the Pope, in attempts to arrange a Franco-Mongol alliance. The mission bore no fruit, but in his later years in Baghdad, Rabban Bar Sauma documented his lifetime of travel. His written account of his journeys is of unique interest to modern historians, as it gives a picture of medieval Europe at the close of the Crusading period, painted by a keenly intelligent, broadminded and statesmanlike observer. His travels occurred prior to the return of Marco Polo to Europe, and his writings give a reverse viewpoint of the East looking to the West.
Bar Sauma was born c. 1220 in or near modern-day Beijing, known then as Zhongdu or Khanbaligh. According to Gregory Barhebraeus he was of Turkish Uyghur origin. Chinese accounts describe his heritage as Wanggu (Ongud), a tribe of Turkic origin classified as part of the Mongol Caste of the Yuan Dynasty.[2] The name bar Ṣauma is Aramaic for "Son of Fasting"[3] though he was born to a wealthy family. He was a follower of the Nestorian faith (see: Nestorianism in China), and became an ascetic monk around the age of 20 and then a religious teacher for decades.


Mar Yaballaha III (1245–1317),[1] known in earlier years as Rabban Marcos or Markos, was Patriarch of the Church of the East (sometimes referred to as the Nestorian church) from 1281 to 1317. As a young man, he engaged in a remarkable journey, which began as an ascetic monk's pilgrimage from China to Jerusalem, led him to the Patriarch position in Baghdad, and brought him to recommend his former teacher and traveling companion, the monk Rabban Bar Sauma, to become the first Asian ambassador to Europe.

Unregistered
18-11-08, 08:12
Hi there,

Can I request the source of the article? thanks!

Unregistered
18-11-08, 09:48
Bu bek kizikarlik we kishini ilhamlanduridighan uchur iken, mumkin bolsa ushbu materialning kelish menbesini yezip koyghan bolsanglar, rehmet!

Unregistered
20-11-08, 02:07
mumkin bolsa uyghurchigha terjüme qilip qoysanglar. yawrupa elliride yashawatqan uyghurlar enggilische bilmeydu.

Unregistered
21-11-08, 02:56
Go google by yourself and search for any name in the article, you will find enough articles.



Hi there,

Can I request the source of the article? thanks!